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2012届中考英语考点备考复习5

关键词: 九年级 来源: 初中学习网
j.Co M 1156. ruler(n)尺,;统治者;管理者
Draw a line with a ruler.用尺子画一条线。
She was then ruler of Egypt.她当时是埃及的统治者。
1157. run (ran, run) (v) 跑; (机器等)运转;进行;办;经营;变(成),变得;(颜色)褪色
Can you run as fast as Mike?你能跑得和麦克一样快吗?
He had to run to catch the bus.他不得不跑去赶搭公共汽车。
to run a hotel / store / language school经营一家旅店/商店/语言学校
He has no idea how to run a business.
他丝毫不懂企业管理。
The machine runs smoothly. 这台机器运转正常。
The river was beginning to run dry.河水开始干涸起来。
We’ve run short of milk.我们牛奶不够了。
We have run out of our money.我们已用完了钱。
Your nose is running.你流鼻涕了。
The color of the sweater has run since it was made many years ago.
这件毛衣是很多年前织的,因而已经掉色了。
* runner (n) 赛跑者, 操作者,滑行装置
* running (n) 跑步
1158. rush (v)冲,奔,闯 仓促行动
We’ve got plenty of time; there is no need to rush.
我们的时间很多,用不着太急促。
We don’t want to rush into having a baby.
我们不急着要孩子。
Don’t rush me. I need time to think about it.
别催我,我需要时间考虑一下。
【补充】(n)匆忙,仓促
--I’ll let you have the book back tomorrow.
--There’s no rush.不用着急
rush hour(上下班时)交通高峰期
Don’t travel at rush hour.不要在交通高峰期出行。
1159. Russia(n)俄国, 俄罗斯
1160. Russian(n, a)俄国/俄罗斯(人)(的), 俄语(的)
S
1161. sad(a.)悲哀的, 忧愁的, 糟糕的
We are very sad to hear that you are leaving.
听说你要走了,我们十分难过。
She looked sad and tired.她看上去又伤心又疲惫。
* sadness (n) 悲哀,忧伤
1162. safe(a.,n) 安全的;保险箱
Do you think this kind of water is safe for drinking?你认为这水饮用安全吗?
The children are quite safe here.孩子们在这里十分安全。
We need a safe driver.我们需要一个谨慎的驾驶员。
The street is not safe for children to play in.
孩子们在大街上玩不安全。
The missing child was found safe and well.
走失的孩子平平安安地找回来了。
Keep your passport in a safe place.把护照放在保险的地方。
You should put your money in a safe.
你应当把钱放在保险柜里。
1163. safety(n)安全,保险
The children were led to a place of safety.
孩子们被带到一个安全的地方。
I managed to swim to safety.我设法游到安全处。
1164. sail(n, v)
名词 帆,蓬 乘船 航行
They took a sail to Dover. 他们乘船去多佛。
As the boat moved down the river the wind began to fill the sails.
船顺河而下,风逐渐胀满了帆。
The ship was in full sail.该船正满帆而行。
动词 航行,(坐船)游览 驾驶(船)
Our ship sails tomorrow for Hong Kong.
我们的船明天启航前往香港。
Can you sail a boat? 你会驾船吗?
* sailing (n) 航海
* sailor (n) 水手,海员
1165. salad(n)色拉, 凉拌菜
You haven’t finished your salad.你还没有吃完沙拉。
1166. sale(n)卖, 出售
I haven’t make a sale all week.
整整一个星期我什么也没卖出去。
He got $100 from the sale of his bike.
他将自行车卖掉,得了100美元。
Our school is having a book sale next week.
我校下周将举行图书廉价出售。
I’m sorry, it’s not for sale.对不起,这个不卖。
a “for sale” sign“待售”标志
Tickets are on sale from the booking office.
售票处正在售票。
* salesgirl / saleswoman (n)女售货员
* salesman (n) 男售货员
1167. salt(n)盐,咸味物
Pass the salt, please.请把盐递过来。
sea salt海盐
* salty (a.) 盐的,咸的,含盐的
1168. same(n, a)
【名词】(通常与the或指示代词连用)同样的人;同样的事物
His birthday and hers are the same.
他和她的生日是同一天。
Just do the same as me.跟着我做就行了。
--Will you stay for lunch?留下来吃午饭,好吗?
--No, but thanks all the same.不了,多谢
--Happy Christmas!圣诞快乐!
--And the same to you !你也一样。
【形容词】 (通常与the连用) 同一的 同样的
This is the same skirt that she was wearing a year ago.
这就是她一年前穿的那条裙子。
Those shirts are all the same size.
那几件衬衫都一样大小。
I bought the same car as yours.
我买了一辆车,和你的一模一样。
1169. sand(n) 沙, 沙子; 沙滩/洲
He children were playing in the sand.
孩子们正在玩沙子。
We went for a walk along the sand.
我们去沙滩上散了散步。
1170. sandwich (n)三明治
1171. satisfy(v) 使满意/满足
Nothing satisfies him---he’s always complaining.
什么都难如他的意---他老在抱怨。
It’s satisfying to play a game really well.
一种游戏玩得特别好是一桩惬意的事。
She’s never satisfied with what she’s got.
她对自己的所得从不感到满足。
* satisfaction (n) 满意
1172. Saturday (n)星期六
1173. sausage (n)香肠,腊肠
1174. save (v)救,挽救;节省;储蓄;储存
The doctor saved the child's life.
这位医生挽救了孩子的生命。
The computer will save us a lot of time.
电将使我们省下许多时间。
We should try to save water and electricity.
我们应尽量节约用水用电。
We've been saving for five years to buy a house. 为了买房子,我们已储蓄了五年。
I’ve saved almost $100 so far.我至今差不多攒了100美元。
1175. say (said,said) (v)说, 讲; 说明
Be quiet! I have something to say.
She said nothing to me about it.
她没有跟我说过这件事。
It is said that she lived to be over 100.
据说她活了100多岁。
Can you say it in English?你能用英语说它吗?
It’s hard to say what caused the accient.很难说造成事故的原因是什么。
The clock said three o’clock.时钟显示三点整。
The book doesn’t say where he was born.
书上没说他是哪儿出生的。
The notice said”Keep out” 告示上写着“禁止入内”。
【补充】saying谚语,格言,警句
“Accidents will happen”, as the saying goes.
常言道“意外事,总难免”。
(感叹词:表示惊讶或兴奋;提请别人注意,提出建议或作出评论)
Say, that’s a nice haircyt !啧啧,这个头发剪得很漂亮
Say, how about going to a movie tonigth.
我说,今晚去看电影怎么样?
1176. scarf (n)围巾, 披肩
a woolen / silk scarf羊毛/丝绸围巾
1177. school (n)学校, 上学, 学业
I’m going to the school today to talk to Kim’s teacher.
今天我要去学校和金的老师谈谈.
We need more money for roads, hospitals and schools.
我们需要更多的资金来修筑道路,开办医院和学校.
to start / leave 入学/(受完义务教育)离开中学
All my kids are still at school.我的孩子还都在上学。
* school-leaver 学校毕业生
* schoolmate (n)同校同学
1178. schoolbag (n)书包
1179. science (n)科学, 自然科学
the laws of science科学定律
* scientific (a.) 科学的
1180. scientist (n)科学家
scientists and engineers科学家和工程师
1181. score (n, v)
【名词】(比赛中的)得分,比数;(测验的)成绩,分数二十,二十人,二十个 大量,许多
What is the score now? 现在比数多少?
The final score was 4-3.最终的比分是4:3
I walked a score of miles.我走了二十英里。
He’s been to Hong Kong scores of times.
他曾多次去过香港。
【动词】得分;打分
She scored 98% in the French test.她法语考了98分。
Girls usually score highly in language exams.
在语言考试中,女生通常得高分。
The Japanese judge scored him 15.
那位日本裁判判了他15分。
1182. screen (n)屏幕, 荧光屏, 屏风
a monitor with a 21 inch screen 21英寸屏幕的显示器
She first appeared on the screen ten years ago.十年前,她第一次出现在银幕上。
1183. sea (n)海, 海洋
to travel by sea海上旅行
* seaman(n) 水手,海员
* seashell (n) 海贝
* seaside (n) 海滨
1184. search (n, v) 搜查;在...中搜寻
His house had clearly been searched and the book was missing.
显然有人来搜过他的房间,那本书不见了。
We searched here and there, but couldn’t find her.
我们到处找她,但是还是找不到。
He could search the dictionary at the age of six.
他六岁就会查字典。
The policeman searched the thief but found nothing.
警察搜查了那个贼,但是什么也没发现。
He searched every room in the house.
他搜查了这房子的每一个房间。
He is searching the Web for important information.他在网上搜寻有用的信息。
He went into the kitchen in search of a drink.
他进来厨房,想找点喝的。
The book came to light after a long search.
经过一段长时间的寻找,那本遗失的书被找到了。
1185. season (n)季节, 时期
the dry / wet / rainy season旱/雨季
When does the basketball season end?
篮球赛季什么时候结束?
1186. seat (n) 座, 座位;席位
Excuse me, is this seat taken?对不起,请问这座位有人吗?
Please take a seat.请坐。
There are no seats left on that flight.那次航班没座位了。
His party has one third of the seats in Parliament.他那个党在议会中占三分之一席位。
【补充】向…提供座位,就座;能容纳…人
Please wait to be seated.请等候安排入座。
Please be seated.请坐。
The plane seats 200 passengers.
这架飞机能坐200名乘客。
1187. second (num,a. ad. n)第二(名),次等的, 其次; 秒, 瞬间
He was the second to arrive.他是第二个到的。
This is the second time it’s happened这已是第二次了。
She can run 100 metres in just over 11 seconds.
她跑100米只需11秒多一点。
The water flows at about 1.5 metres per second.
水的流速为每秒1.5米。
He is a writer first and a scientist second.
他首先是个作家,然后才是个科学家。
1188. secret (n)内情,秘/机密(的)
Can you keep a secret?你能保守秘密吗?
【补充】(a.)秘密的,保密的,隐秘的
He tried to keep it secret from his family.
这件事他试图瞒着家里。
I didn’t know you were a secret football fan.
我不知道你私下里还是个足球迷。
1189. secretary (n)秘书, 书记, 部长, 大臣
Mr. Hu Jintao is The General Secretary of the Party.
胡锦涛是党的总书记。
1190. see (saw, seen) (v)看见, 会见; 领会, 理解,
I saw you put the key in your pocket.
我看见你把钥匙放进了口袋里。
He was seen to come out. 有人看见他走出来。
We saw her chatting with her neighbors.
我们看到她在和邻居聊天。
In the evening, we went to see a movie.
晚上,我们去看了一场电影。
I looked for Mike but couldn't see him in the crowd.
我找过麦克,但是在人群中看不到他。
I see what you mean. 我理解你的意思。
Let me see. 让我想一想。
Can you see without your glasses?
你不戴眼镜能看得见吗?
【补充】送,护送
He saw me to the door and said goodbye.
他把我送到门口,说了声再见。
May I see you home?我可不可以送你会回家?
I’ll see you off at the station.我将在车站为你送行。
* see-saw (n) 跷跷板(游戏)
1191. seem (v)似乎,好像
She seems very happy with the new job.
她对新工作好像很满意。
He doesn't seem to like the idea.
他似乎不太赞成这个想法。
I seem to hear someone knocking at the door.
我好像听到有人在敲门。
It seems to me that it will rain tonight.
我看今晚要下雨。
It seems that they know what they’re doing.
看来。他们知道机子在干什么。
It seems like a good idea at the time.
当时这主意好像不错。
There seems no need to go now.
好像没有必要现在就去。
There seems to be a misunderstanding between us.
我们好像有些误会
【2009年安徽中考英语试题第36题】
--Long time no see !
--Oh, it ____ like years since I last saw you.
A. looks B. seems C. feels D. sounds
1192. seldom(ad)很少, 罕见
They seldom watch television these days.
这些日子他们很少看电视。
He seldom stays at home on Sundays, does he?
他星期天很少呆在家里,对不?
1193. sell (sold, sold) (v) 卖, 销售, 经销
I sold my car to James for $800.
我把我的汽车转让给了詹姆斯,获得了800美元。
The magazine sells 300 000 copies a week.
这种杂志一周售出30万册。
I’m sorry, we’ve sold out of bread.
抱歉,我们的面包卖完了。
1194. send (sent, sent) (v) 发送,寄;派遣;发射
She sent me a Christmas card. 她给我寄来一张圣诞贺卡。
He sent his son to return the books to the library. 他派他儿子把书还给图书馆。
Has she sent for a taxi? 她有没有请人去叫出租车?
1195. sense (n)感觉 意识; 理智 辨别力
She has no sense of time. 她没有时间观念。
Your brother has a good sense of humor.
你兄弟很有幽默感。
I’m afraid I haven’t got a very good sense of direction, so I easily get lost.
恐怕我的方向感很差,因此我容易迷路。
1196. sentence (n)句子
Make a sentence in your own words.
用自己的话造个句子。
1197. separate (v, a.)使分离,分隔;分割; 单独的,分离的
It is impossible to separate belief from emotion.
信仰和感情是分不开的。
They walked a mile together and then separated. 他们一道走了一英里,然后就分手了。
They separated three years after they got married. 他俩结婚三年后便分居了。
Our children have separate bedrooms.
我们的孩子有各自的卧室。
The two villages are separated by a highway.
这两个村子由一条公路隔开。
* separately (ad.) 单独地,各自地
* separation (n) 分离, 隔离
1198. September (n)九月
Our school usually begins on September 1.
我们学校通常在9月1日开学。
1199. serious (a.)严重的;严肃的,庄严的;认真的;
a serious illness / problem严重疾病 / 问题
Her daughter was blind after a serious illness.
她女儿在一场大病之后眼睛瞎了。
He seems very serious, but in fact he is very humorous.
他看起来很严肃,实际上他很幽默。
Buying a house is a serious matter.
买房是一件需要认真考虑的事。
I want to have a serious talk with you.
我想与你郑重其事地谈一谈。
You look very serious today, is anything wrong?
你今天看上去挺严肃的,有什么事吗?
I was pretty serious in what I said at dinner.
我晚餐时说的话是当真的。
1200 servant (n)仆人, 佣人, 雇员, 公务员
They treat their mother like a servant.
他们对待佣人一样对待他们的母亲。
1201. serve (v)为...服务; 侍候(顾客等); 供应(饭菜);
Children must be educated to serve their country when they grow up.
必须教育孩子长大后为国家服务。
She served me a cup of coffee. 她给我端上一杯咖啡。
Breakfast is served between 7 and 10 a.m.
早餐供应时间从7点到10点。
Shall I serve? 现在上菜好吗?
1202. service (n)服务, 接待, 服役, 任职
We provide the best service in town.
我们在本市提供的服务最好。
* service-charge (n) 服务小费,小费
1203. set (set, set) (v)设置(布景,背景),释放,安置,树立,太阳下山,出发
He set down the bag and rested for a while.
他放下袋子,休息了一会儿。
A round table was set in the middle of the room. 房间中央放了一张圆桌。
She set the alarm for 5 a.m.她把闹钟拨到早晨五点响铃。
Bob set us a good example.
鲍勃为我们树立了一个好榜样。
She set a new world record for the high jump.
她创造了新的跳高世界记录。
When we reached the hotel, the sun had set.
我们到达旅馆时,太阳已经下山了。
It was raining when we set out.我们出发时正下着雨。
We set off for London just after ten.
刚过十点,我们就动身上伦敦去了。
1204. set (n) 一套,一部,装置,设备
He saw a set of keys lying on the ground.
You can borrow my keys. I have a spare set.
你可以借用我的钥匙,我还有一套。
1205. seven (num)七
1206. seventeen (num)十七
1207. seventy (num)七十
1208. seventh (num)第七
1209. several (pron, a.)几个, 数个, 一些
Several letters arrived this morning.今天上午来了几封信。
He’s written several books about India.
他写过几本关于印度的书。
Several more people than usual came to the meeting.
到会的人比平时多了几个。
1210. shake (shook, shaken) (v) 摇,摇动;震动;抖动
His heavy steps shook the room.
他沉重的脚步使房间都为之震动。
Shake the bottle before taking the medicine.
服药之前把瓶子摇一摇。
He came forward and shook me by the hand.
他走上前来和我握手。
Do people in Italy shake hands when they meet?在意大利,人们见面时握手吗?
【补充】使震惊
He was badly shaken by the news of her death.
听到她的死讯,他大为震惊
1211. shall (should) (aux. v)将, 会, 应该
Shall I send you the book?我把书给你寄去,好不好?
What shall we do this weekend?
这个周末我们要做什么呢?
1212. shame (n)羞耻(心),羞愧(感) 憾事
She felt great shame at having failed the exam. 她考试不及格,感到极其羞愧。
To my shame, I never did help them.
我感到惭愧的是我从来也没有帮助过他们。
Your bad behavior brings shame on the whole school.
你的恶劣行径给整个学校带来耻辱。
It's a shame I haven't heard from you for years.
真遗憾,我多年没有收到你的信了
It’s a shame that she wasn’t here to see it.
她要是在这儿亲眼看看,那该多好啊。
What a shame! = What a pity!
(shame用作名词表示“可耻的人,事或物”“遗憾的事,可惜”时,常用于单数形式,且常跟不定冠词a)
1213. shape (n,v)
【名词】 形状;样子,外形,状态
The pool was in the shape of a heart.游泳池呈心型
I like to keep in shape.我喜欢保持健康
This old T-shirt has completely lost its shape.
这件旧体恤衫已经穿得完全走样了
Candles come in all shapes and sizes.
有各种形状和大小的蜡烛出售
【动词】使成形;塑造,制作 形成
This tool is used for shaping wood.
这个工具是用来加工木料的。
His ideas had been shaped by his experiences during the war.他的思想深受战时经历的影响。
The children shaped the wet sand.
孩子们把湿沙子堆成各种各样形状。
1214. share (v)均分;分摊;分配分享;分担
The money was shared out between them.
这笔钱由他们两人分。
Sam and I share a room. 山姆和我合住一间房间。
Sue shares a house with three other students.
苏和另外三个学生合住一所房子。
【补充】(n)一份,股份
1215. she (pron)她(主格)
--What does your sister do? --She’s a dentist.
1216. sheep(pl. sheep) (n)羊, 绵羊
Look! There are three sheep eating grass under the tree.
看!树下有三只羊在吃草。
【成语】black sheep害群之马,败家子
1217. shelf (pl. shelves) (n) 架, 棚
I helped him put up some shelves in his bedroom.
我帮他在卧室里装了几个搁架。
The book I want was on the top shelf.
我想要的那本书在书架的最上层。
1218. shine (shone, shone) (v) 照射, 照耀, 发光
The sun shone brightly in a cloudless sky.
太阳在无云的天空明亮地照射着。
Her eyes were shining with excitement.
她兴奋得两眼放光。
【补充】擦亮,擦光(shined, shined)
He shined shoes and sold newspapers to make money.他靠擦鞋卖报挣钱。
1219. ship (n)船, 舰; 飞船
He arrived here by ship yesterday.
他昨天坐船来这儿的。
1220. shirt (n)衬衫
He was wearing a white shirt and a red tie.
他穿着一件白衬衣,系了一条红领带。
T-shirt T恤衫
1221. shoe (n)鞋, 蹄铁
a pair of shoes一双鞋子
He took his shoes and socks off.他脱掉鞋袜
【成语】 in sb’s shoes处于某人的境地
1222. shop (n)商店, 工厂,车间 办事处
There’s a little gift shop around the corner.
在街角附近有一家小礼品店。
There should be plenty of time to go shoppong before we leave New York.
我们离开纽约前还应该有充足的时间去逛商店。
1223. short (a. )短的;矮的; 缩写的; 短缺的;不足的
Bob is shorter than his younger brother. 鲍勃比他弟弟矮。
UN is short for the United Nations.
UN是the United Nations(联合国)的缩写。
I'm short of money this week. 我这个星期缺钱。
1224. shorts (n)短裤, 男人的短内裤
a pair of tennis shorts一条网球短裤
1225. should (modal v)应该, 有可能, 将会
You shouldn’t drink and drive.你不该酒后驾车。
I should wait a little longer, if I were you.
假如我是你的话,我会再等一会儿。
The bus should have arrived ten minutes ago.
公共汽车十分钟以前就该到了。
【2007安徽中考试题】
Schools ___allow students at least one hour a day for sports.
A. would B. might C. should D. could
【2009安徽中考试题】
--It’s difficult for the village children to cross the river for school.
--I think a bridge ____ over the river.
A. was built B. is being built
C. has been built D. should be built
1226. shoulder (n)肩, 肩部;(道路的)路肩
She carried his child on his shoulders.
她把孩子扛在肩上。
No shoulder for next 5 miles.前方5英里之内没有路肩。
shoulder to shoulder肩并肩,齐心协力
1227. shout (v,n)呼, 喊, 叫; 大声讲
I shouted for help but nobody came.
我大声呼救但没人来.
She shouted at him to shut the gate.
她大声吆喝他把门关上.
I heard her warning shout too late.
我听到她的大声警告,但太晚了.
1228. show (showed, shown) (v)给…看, 出示;表现出, 上演, 展出
If there is a letter from France please show it to me.
如有法国来的信,请拿给我看看。
This shows how people are influences by TV advertisements.
这表明电视广告对人们有多大的影响。
You have to show your ticket as you go in.进场必须出示门票。
The film will be shown in this theatre.
那部电影将在这家影院上演。
Can you show me how to do it?你能教我怎么做吗?
I’ll go first and show you the way.我先走,给你带路。
We were shown around the school by one of the students.
我们由一名学生领着参观了学校。
He’s just showing off because that girl he likes is here.
他不过是在表现自己,因为他喜欢的那个姑娘在场。
He likes to show off how well he speaks French.
他喜欢向人展示他法语讲得有多好。
1229. shower (n)阵雨; 淋浴
We were caught in a heavy shower.我们遇上一阵大雨。
A hotel room with bath and shower.
配有浴缸和淋浴器的旅馆客房。
to take a shower洗淋浴
1230. shut (shut, shut) (v) 关上,禁闭,合拢
Philip went into his room and shut the door behind him.
飞利浦进了自己房间,随手把门关上。
He shut his book and looked up.他合上书,抬起头来。
The bank shuts at 4.这家银行4点关门。
Just shut up and listen.住口,听着。
1231. shy (a)怕羞的, 腼腆的,
She was too shy to ask anyone for help.
她太腼腆,不愿向任何人求助。
1232. sick (a)病的,有病的, 想呕吐的,恶心的, 对...厌烦的, 心烦意乱的;很不愉快的, ,怀念的
Her mother is very sick.她母亲病得厉害。
The sick tree is several hundred years old.
这棵病树已生长了好几百年了。
She felt sick at the sight of the dead rat.
她一见那只死老鼠就感到恶心。
If you eat any more cake you’ll make yourself sick.你要再吃蛋糕,你就会吐。
I feel sick at my work.我讨厌我的工作。
* sickness (n) 疾病
1233. side (n)边,旁边,面,侧面,某一方
An old man was sitting on the side of the road.
一个老人坐在路边。
There is a large window on either side of the front door.前门两侧各有一扇大窗户。
He crossed the bridge to the other side of the river.
他过桥到了河对面。
We drive on the left-hand side of the road in this country.
在我国,驾车要左行。
Write your name on the side of the box.
把你的名字写在盒子的侧面。
Whose side are you on? 你支持哪一方?
They sat on the desk, side by side.
他们并排坐在课桌上。
* sidewalk (n) 人行道
* sideway (n) 岔路,旁路
1234. sight (n)视觉, 视力 景色,景象
She has very good sight.她的视力很好。
I’ll have my sight tested tomorrow. 我明天去检查视力。
She went away at the sight of a dog.她见到狗就跑。
She never lets her daughter out of her sight.
她从来不让女儿走出她的视线。
Get out of my sight! 滚开!
The Great Wall is one of the sights of the world.
长城是世界名胜之一。
【成语】out of sight, out of mind眼不见,心不念
* sightseeing (n) 游览,观光
1235. silence (n)无声,寂静 沉默, 默不作声
The silence was broken by a loud cry.
宁静被一声喊叫所打破。
Jane first broke the silence.简首先打破沉默。
Two-minute silence in honour of those who had died.为死去的人默哀2分钟。
【成语】Silence is golden沉默是金。
1236. silent (a)沉默的; 寂静无声的;不发声的
He was silent for a moment. 他沉默了一会儿。
The old house was quite silent. 这所老房子寂静无声。
The “b” in “lamb” is silent. Lamb中的b不发音。
1237. silk (n)丝, 绸
The hat is made of silk.这帽子是丝绸做的。
1238. silly (a)愚蠢的;糊涂的 无聊的
It was silly of me to say such a thing.我说这话真傻。
He told a silly story. 他讲了一个无聊的故事。
Her work is full of silly mistakes.她满篇都是愚蠢的错误。
1239. silver (n)银 银器 银色
The ring is made of solid silver.这戒指是纯银制作的。
I like taking a walk under the silver moon.
我喜欢在银色的月光下散步。
1240. similar (a)相像的,相仿的,类似的
His problem is similar to yours. 他的问题和你的相似。
We have very similar interests.我们兴趣相仿。
The two houses are similar in size.两座房子大小差不多。
The brothers look very similar.弟兄几个长得好像。
My teaching style is similar to that of most other teachers.我的风格和多数老师相似。
1241. simple (a)简单的,容易的, 朴素/自然的, 迟钝的
The answer is really quite simple.答案真的很简单。
This machine is very simple to use.这机器操作非常简单。
We had a simple meal of soup and bread.
我们喝汤,吃面包,凑合了一顿。
You may be joking but she’s simple enough to believe you.
你也许是在开玩笑,但她却愚蠢得信以为真。
He’s not mad----just a bit simple.
他不是疯-----只是脑子稍微有点笨。
* simple-minded (a.) 头脑简单的,纯朴的
* simply (ad) 简单地,的确(加强语气)
1242. since (prep, conj, ad .)
【介词】 自...以来,从...至今
I haven't heard from him since last year.
我自去年以来未曾收到过他的信。
【连接词】自...以来,从...至今 既然; 因为, 由于
It’s been ten years since they married.
他们结婚到现在已经十年了。
She has been living a hard life since her husband died.
她自从丈夫死后,一直过着艰苦的生活
He must have taken the book since it isn't here.
他一定是把书拿走了,因为书已不在这里了
Since it is so hot, let's go swimming.
既然天气这么热,我们去游泳吧。
There’s no need to take a taxi since it’s only five minutes’ walk from here.
没必要打的,因为步行只需要5分钟
【副词】 此后; 从那时到现在
She left school three years ago and has worked as a nurse ever since.
她三年前毕业,从那时起便一直当护士。
He left home two weeks ago and we haven’t heard from him since.
他两周前离家外出,我们至今还没有他的音信。
1243. sing (sang, sung) (v)唱, 歌唱; 啼, 鸣
She was singing softly to the baby.他对宝宝轻声哼着歌。
Will you sing a song to me? =
Will you sing me a song?给我唱支歌好吗?
* singer (n) 歌唱家,歌手
1244. single (a)单一的,;单身的 单人用的;【英】单程的
single parent family 单亲家庭
She remained single till the end of her days. 她终身未嫁。
There is a single bedroom in the room.房间里有张单人床。
I want a single ticket. 我要一张单程票。
【补充】(用于否定句)连一个也(没有)的
There was not a single person in the house.
屋子里一个人都没有。
1245. sir (n)先生; 爵士
Are you ready to order, sir?先生,可以点菜了吗?
1246 sister (n)姐, 妹
Do you have btothers or sisters?
My best friend has been like a sister to me.
* sister-in-law (n)嫂,弟媳
1247. sit (sat, sat) 坐, 坐得下(若干人), 坐落于, 位于
They sat in a ring. 他们坐成一圈。
The tower sits on a hill. 寺庙坐落在山上。
The minibus will sit ten people.这辆小型巴士可坐十人。
1248. situation (n)处境,境遇 形势;情况, 位置;地点
He is in a difficult situation. 他处境困难。
The situation will soon come clear.情况不久就会明朗的。
The house has a fine situation.这房子占了个好位置。
The house has a beautiful situation on a hill.
房子坐落在小山上,环境优美。
1249. six(num)六
【成语】sixes ans sevens乱七八糟
I haven’t had time to clear up, so I’m all at sixes and sevens.
我没空收拾,所以什么都是乱七八糟的。
1250. sixteen(num)十六
1251. sixth(num)第六
1252. sixty(num)六十
1253. size(n)尺寸,大小; 尺码,号,型
What’s the size of the park? 这个公园有多大?
This shirt is your size.这件衬衫是你这号尺寸的。
The jacket was the wrong size.这件夹克尺码不对。
They didn’t have the jacket in my size.
那款夹克没我穿的尺码。
The hats are made in three sizes: small, medium
and large.这些帽子分大,中,小尺码
she takes a size 5 in shoes.她穿5号鞋。
1254. skate(v)滑冰, 溜冰
It was so cold that we were able to go skating on the lake.
天气极冷,我们能到湖上去滑冰。
1255. skill(n)技能, 技巧, 熟练
* skilled(a.)熟练的,有技能的
* skillful (a.) 熟练的,精湛的,灵巧的
* skillfully (ad) 精湛地,巧妙地
1256. skirt(n)裙子
1257. sky(n)天, 天空
The sky suddenly went dark and it started to rain.
天空骤然转暗,随即下起雨来。
What’s that in the sky?天上那是什么东西?
1258. sleep (slept, slept) (v)睡觉
sleep well/deeply/soundly/badly睡得好;沉睡;酣睡;睡得不好
I couldn’t sleep because of the noise.
嘈杂声吵得我睡不着。
She only sleeps for four hours a night.
她每天晚上只睡4个小时。
We sometimes sleep late at the weekends.
周末我们有时睡懒觉。
【成语】let the sleeping dogs lie不要没事找事
1259. sleep(n)睡眠
I need to get some sleep.我得睡一会。
He didn’t get much sleep last night.他昨晚没睡好。
Can you give me something to help me get to sleep?
你能不能给我点能让我入睡的东西?
1260. sleepy(a.)想睡的;瞌睡的;困乏的
She suddenly started to feel very sleepy.
她突然感到非常困倦。
The heat and wine made her sleepy.
周围暖洋洋的,又喝了酒,她感觉昏昏欲睡。
1261. slow(a, ad)慢的, 慢慢地
Progress was slower than expected.
进展比预计的缓慢。
Oh you’re so slow; come on, hurry up!
哎呦,你可真慢,加把劲,快点!
Could you go a little slower?你能走得慢点吗?
【2007安徽中考试题】
--Mr. Smith, would you please speak a little more___?
--Sorry! I thought you could follow me.
A. quietly B. quickly C. slowly d. politely
1262. small(a)小的,少的,年幼的
A much smaller number of students passed than I had expected.
通过考试的学生比我预计的少得多。
The dress is too small for you.那件裙子你穿太小。
1263. smell(n)气味;香味;臭味
The smells from the kitchen filled the room.
满屋子都是厨房飘来的气味。
Yuk ! What a smell!哎哟,好难闻的气味。
Dogs have a very good sense of smell.狗的嗅觉非常灵敏。
1264. smell (-ed, -ed / smelt, smelt) (v)
嗅, 闻 ;发出...的气味 闻起来有某种气味
Dinner smells good.饭菜闻起来很象。
The dog had smelt a rabbit.狗嗅到了兔子的气味。
Smell this and tell me what you think it is?
闻一下这个,然后告诉我是什么。
The milk smells sour. 牛奶有酸味了。
1265. smile(n, v)微笑, 笑容
“Oh, hello” he said with a smile.
He had a big smile on his face.他笑容满面。
She smiled at him and he smiled back.
He never seems to smile.他好像从来不笑。
1266. smoke(n, v) 烟 纸烟 冒烟 抽烟
She cannot stand the smell of the smoke.
她受不了烟的气味。
My father has given up smoking. 我父亲已戒烟了。
Do you mind if I smoke?我抽烟你介意吗?
She smokes heavily.她烟瘾大。
* smoke-free (a.) 无烟的,非吸烟的
* smoker (n) 吸烟者
* smoking (n) 吸烟,抽烟
1267. smooth(a)平滑的,平坦的 平静的;平稳的
That road is smooth. 那是一条平坦的路。
Everything is smooth just now.此时此刻,诸事顺利。
The water was as smooth as glass.水平如镜。
The sweater feels soft and smooth.
这件毛衣摸起来柔软光滑。
The plane made a smooth landing.飞机平稳降落。
1268. snake(n)蛇;
【成语】a snake in the grass阴险的人,潜伏的敌人
1269. snow(v, n)雪, 雪花, 雪片, 下雪
Snow is falling heavily.正下着大雪。
Children were playing in the snow.孩子们正在雪地里玩。
It’s been snowing heavily all day.大雪下了一整天。
It snowed for three days without stopping.
雪接连下了三天。
* snowball(n) 雪球/snowman(n)雪人
1270. snowy(a)下雪的
1271. so (ad , conj)如此,这么,非常;因此,所以
Don’t look so angry.别那样怒气冲冲。
She spoke so quietly that I could hardly hear her.她说话轻得我几乎听不见。
I'm so pleased to see you. 看到你我真高兴。
I like dancing; so does my wife. 我喜欢跳舞,我太太也喜欢。
Times have changed and so have I.时代变了,我也变了。
The manager was ill so I went in her place.
经理病了所以我代她去。
Would you be so kind as to lock the door when you leave?请你出来时把门锁上好吗?
--Is he coming? 他会来吗? --I hope so. 我希望他来
--Did they mind? 他们有没有介意? --I don’t think so.我想没有。
--You were there too.当时你也在那。
--So I was. I’d forgotten.是啊----我给忘了。
--There’s another one.还有一个 --So there is. 可不是吗。
She worked hard so that everything would be ready in time.
她努力工作,为的是及时做好各项准备工作。
I gave you a map so you wouldn’t get lost.
我给你一张地图,这样你就不会迷路了。
* so-so (a.) 一般,不怎么样,凑合
1272. soap(n)肥皂
a piece of soap一块肥皂
1273. social(a)社会的;社会上的 社交的,交际的
Opinions on all kinds of social questions differ from person to person.
有关各种社会问题的意见因人而异。
George stayed out of the social life of the school. 乔治置身于该校社交生活之外。
*socialism (n) 社会主义
* socialist (a)社会主义的
1274. society(n)社会, 社团, 协会; 社交界
They carried out research into the roles of men and women in today’s society.
他们就男人和女人在当今社会所起的作用展开研究。
1275. socks(n)短袜
a pair of socks一双袜子
1276. sofa (n) (长)沙发
1277. soft(a)软的 柔和的; 舒适的 不含酒精的
A dress made from the finest, softest silk.
用最细最软的绸子做的连衣裙。
Coca-cola is a soft drink.可口可乐是一种不含酒精的软饮料。
You are too soft with him你对他太温和了。
1278. soldier(n)士兵, 军人
1279. solid(a. n) 固体的,结实的;坚固的; 固体 立方体
When water freezes, it becomes solid.水结冰时变成固体。
People like solid furniture. 人们喜欢结实的家具。
Iron and stone are solids. 铁和石头是固体。
1280. some(a. pron)一些, 部分, 某个, 大约;
I have some work to do this evening. 今晚我有些事要做。
He lived in London for some years. 他在伦敦住了好几年。
Some of the students are from the North.
有些学生是北方人。
Some of the meat has gone bad.一些肉已经坏了。
Some smoke and some don't.有些人吸烟,有些人不吸。
She is playing chess with some boy.她在和一个男孩下棋。
【2010安徽中考试题第45题】
The teacher asked the boy many questions,but he only answered _____ of them.
A. some B. lots C. each D. few
1281. somebody(pron, n)某人,有人;有名气的人
Somebody wants to see you, sir. 阁下,有人想见你。
His wife is now somebody in television.
他的妻子现在是电视界的大人物了。
She thinks she’s really somebody in that car.
她以为坐上那那辆车,她就真成了个任务。
1282. someone(pron)某人, 有人
There’s someone at the door.门口有个人。
Someone’s left their bag behind.有人把包落下了。
It couldn’t have been me. It must have been someone else.
那不可能是我,准是别人。
1283. something(pron)某事
There’s something wrong with the TV.电视出毛病了。
I have something important to tell you.
我有些重要的事要告诉你。
Are you trying to hide something from me?
你是不是有什么事要瞒着我?
1284. sometimes(ad)有时
He sometimes writes to me.他偶尔写信给我。
1285. somewhere(ad)在某处;到某处
Can we go somewhere warm?
我们能不能去个暖和的地方?
I’ve seen him somewhere before.我以前在哪见过他。
Come and see me then. We'll go out somewhere.
那你来看我吧,我们一起到外面什么地方玩玩。
1286. son(n)儿子, 后裔, 孩子
They have three grown-up sons.他们又三个成年的儿子
1287. song(n)歌曲
Sing us a song. 给我们唱支歌吧。
1288. soon(ad) (过)不久, 即刻, 早, 快
She sold the house soon after her husband died.
丈夫去世后不久,她就把房子卖了。
See you soon.再见!
--How soon can you get here?你什么时候能赶到这?
--In a week.一个礼拜过后
The sooner we set off, the sooner we will arrive.我们走得越早就到得越早。
Please send it as soon as possible =
Please send it as soon as you can.请尽快把它寄出去。
1289. sorry感到难过的;感到可怜的;感到抱歉的;感到遗憾的
I am sorry to hear that your brother passed away. 听到你兄弟去世的消息,我很难过。
I'm sorry that I can't join you in the discussion.
很遗憾,我不能参加你们的讨论了。
We're sorry to be late. 对不起,我们来迟了。
1290. sort(V, N ) 把...分类 挑选,区分;种类,品种,类型
They sort apples by grade. 他们把苹果按等级分类。
Can't you sort the good from the bad?
你难道不会区分好坏吗?
Rubbish can easily be separated and sorted into plastic, glass and paper.
垃圾很容易分开,可归入塑料玻璃和纸三类。
All sorts of lamps are available in that shop.
在那家商店可买到各式各样的灯具。
He’s the sort of person who only cares about money.
他这种人一心只想着钱。
1291. sound (n, v) 声音, 响声; 听起来; 响
Sound travels slower than light.声音传播比光慢。
His voice sounds strange on the phone.
他的声音在电话里听起来挺怪的。
You sounded just like your father when you said that.
你说这话,听着跟你父亲一模一样。
--Let’s go boating this afternoon, shall we?
--That sounds great / That sound like a good idea.
【2008安徽中考试题】
The music made me think of the ___of a running stream
A. shout B. noise C. voice D. sound
1292.soup(n)汤, 羹
I’d like a bowl of tomato soup.我要一碗番茄汤。
The restaurant serves all kinds of soups.
这家饭店供应各种各样的汤。
1293. # sour(a)酸的,酸味的 ;酸腐的,馊的;
These oranges taste sour.这些橘子吃起来很酸。
The soup has gone sour.这汤发酸了。
1294. south(n, a)南, 南方(的), 向/来自南方的,在南方
He lives to the south of the city.他住在城外南边。
Spain lies in the south of Europe.西班牙位于欧洲南部。
* southwest (n) 西南
1295. southern(a)南方的, 南部的
He has travelled in southern cities.他游历了南方各市。
1296. space(n)空间, 场地, 太空, 间隔
We must make good use of the available space.我们必须充分利用现有空间。
That desk takes up too much space.
那张桌子占得地方太大。
1297. spare(a)多余的,剩下的;空闲的 备用的
He has nothing to do in his spare time.他休闲时间无事可做。
We’ve got a spare bedroom, if you’d like to stay.
要是愿意你就住下,我们空着一间卧室。
I’ve lost the key to the door. Luckily, I have a spare one.
我丢了门钥匙,幸好我有一把备用的。
【补充】(v)抽出, 匀出;不吝啬(时间,金钱);饶恕
I’d love to have a break, but I can’t spare the time just now.
我是想休息一下, 可眼下抽不出时间。
We can only spare one room for room.
我们只能给你腾出一个房间。
He spared no effort to make her happy again.
为使她重新快乐起来,他想尽了办法。
They killed the men but spared the children.
他们杀害了大人,但留下了孩子。
1298. speak (spoke, spoken) (v)说, 讲; 说(语言); 演说,
Do you speak English?你讲英语吗?
I’ve spoken to the manager about it.
那件事我已经和经理谈过了。
--Can I speak to Susan?请让苏珊接电话好吗?
--Speaking. 我就是。
Without speaking, she stood up and went out.
她没有说话,站起身走了出去。
He speaks with a strange accent.他说话的口音很特别。
1299. speaker(n)说话者;演讲者 扬声器,扩音机。
Our first speaker tonight is Mr. White.
今晚我们的第一个演讲者是怀特先生。
The president addressed the students on the speaker.
校长用扬声器向学生们讲话。
1300 special(a)特殊的, 特别的; 专门的
There is something special about this place.
这个地方有几分特别。
What are your special interests?你有哪些主要爱好?
He sent a special message to the men.
他给哪些人专门送去一封信。
As an only child she got special attention.
她是个独生女,所以备受关注。
His accent is very quite special.他的口音很特别。
1301. speech(n)说话, 演说; 言语
freedom of speech言论自由
to give / make a speech on human rights
就人权问题发表演讲
1302. speed(n, v) 速率,速度;加速,迅速前进, 超速行驶
The train is travelling at a speed of sixty miles an hour.
火车正以每小时六十英里的速度行驶。
The train began to pick up speed.火车开始加速。
Tom was fined for speeding.汤姆因超速行车被罚款。
The police caught him speeding.警察发现他超速行驶。
1303. spell (-ed, -ed / spelt, spelt) (v)拼写
How do you spell this word?这个词怎么拼?
C-A-T spells “cat” C-A-T拼作cat
1304. spend (spent, spent) (v) 花费(时间/金钱), 度过
I’ve spent all my money already.我已经把钱全部花完了。
I spent $100 on a new dress.我花100美元买了条新裙子。
He spent much time doing his homework
他花很多时间做作业。
We spent the weekend in Paris.我们在巴黎度过了周末。
How do you spend your spare time?
你在业余时间干什么?
She spends too much effort on things that don’t matter.
她在一些无关紧要的事情上花费的精力太多。
【2010安徽中考试题第32题】
It’s nice of you to ____ so much time showing me around your school.
A. take B. spend C. cost D. have
1305. spirit(n)精神, 心灵; 情绪
to be in high / low spirits情绪高 / 低
You must try and keep your spirits up.
你必须设法保持高昂的情绪。
1306. spoon(n)匙, 调羹
a soup spoon 汤匙
I smelt the medicine before taking a spoon of it.我闻了闻药,然后服了一匙。
1307. sport(n)运动, 运动会
What’s your favorite sport?你最喜欢哪一项体育运动?
team / water sports 集体项目 / 水上运动
1308. spread (spread, spread) (v)使伸展,使延伸展开;摊开 撒;散布,传播;普及 传开;蔓延
The bird spread its wings.鸟展开翅膀。
Paper had been spread out on the desk.
各种报纸摊在书桌上。
She spread her arms and the children ran towards her.
她张开双臂,孩子们向她跑来。
The disease spreads easily.这种病容易传播。
It’s said the Bird Flu is spread by birds.
据说禽流感是通过鸟雀传播的。
The fire rapidly spread to the next building.
大火迅速蔓延到旁边的建筑。
She was told not to spread this secret around.
她被告知不要把这个秘密传出去。
1309. spring(n)春天 弹簧 泉 源泉
He was born in the spring of 1944.他生于1944年春
The bed has lost its spring.那床失去了弹性
a mountain spring山泉
1310. square(n)正方形;方形物; 广场
a square room / table 正方形的房间/方桌
an area of 36 square metres 36平米的面积
the square of 7 is 49 7的平方式49
Have you ever been to Tiananmen Square?
你去过天安门广场了吗?
1311. stairs(n)楼梯
The children ran up / down the stairs
孩子们跑上 / 跑下楼去。
at the bottom / top of the stairs在楼梯下端/顶端
How many stairs are there up to the second floor?
上到三层一共有多少蹬楼梯?
1312. stamp(n)邮票;
He has been collecting stamps since he was eight.
他从八岁开始集邮。
1313. stand (stood, stood) (v)站立, 竖放; 坐落; 经受,持久
Her legs were so weak that she could hardly stand.
她的腿软得几乎站不住了。
Our school stands at the foot of the hill.
我们学校位于那座山的脚下。
The world record stood for 20 years.
那项世界记录20年未被打破。
I can’t stand his brother.他弟弟让我受不了。
I just can't stand the cold. 我受不了那么冷。
I can’t stand living with you.和你住一块,我受不了。
She couldn’t stand being kept waiting.叫她等着她会受不了。
1314. standard (n, a.) 标准,水平;标准的合规格的
Your work is not up to (the) standard.你的工作未达到标准。
Your recent work has been below standard.
你最近的工作一直低于标准。
He wrote in standard English. 他用标准英文写作。
1315. star(n)星, 恒星;星级;明星
a film star电影明星
He’s so good. I’m sure he’ll be a big star.
他太棒了,我相信他会成为大明星。
three-/four--/five-star hotels三星级/四星级/五星级饭店
1316. start(v)出发, 开始,着手,,启动 发起;创办
We’ll start at six on Friday morning.
我们星期五早上六点出发。
Summer vacation normally starts in early July.
暑假一般在七月初开始。
He is thinking of starting a newspaper.他打算创办一份报纸。
Do you know how to start the engine? 你会启动引擎吗?
1317. state (n)状况,状态 情况; 国家,州
The building is in a bad state of repair.那座房子年久失修。
Look at the state of you! You can’t go out looking like that.
看看你这副模样,你可不能就这么出去。
Ice is water in a solid state. 冰是水的固体状态。
1318. station(n)车站, 所, 站, 局
a bus / coach station公共汽车/长途汽车站
a police / fire station警察局/ 消防站
a TV station 电视台
【补充】地位,身份
People in all stations of life.社会各阶层人们。
She is a woman of high station.她是位贵妇人。
1319. stay (n, v) 停留,逗留 保持
He stayed with a friend while he was in Paris.
他在巴黎时住在一位朋友家里。
I hope the weather will stay fine.我希望天气能持续放晴。
You’ve got school tomorrow. I don’t want you staying up late.
你明天要上学,我不想让你熬夜。
【经典试题】
Henry speaks Chinese very well. He ________ in China since 2002
A. stays B. stayed C. is staying D. has stayed
1320. steal (stole, stolen) (v)偷, 窃取
I found out he’d been stealing from us for years.
我们发现他从我们家偷东西已好多年了。
I’ll report you to the police if I catch you stealing again.
再让我看见你偷东西,我就向警察报告。
I had my purse stolen.我的钱包给人偷了。
1321. steel(n)钢, 钢铁
1322. step (n, v.)脚步,台阶,步骤,梯级;走,跨步,踩
She took a few steps towards the window.
她向窗口走了几步。
They have made a big step in their business.
他们在事业上迈进了一大步。
I’ll explain it to you step by step.我来一步步给你解释。
She walked down some stone steps to the beach.她走下几级石阶,来到海滩上。
Please step this way. 请这边走
She stepped into the room and sat down in a sofa. 她走进屋子在沙发上坐下。
Sorry! Did I step on your feet?
对不起!我是不是踩到你的脚了?
* step-mother (n) 继母
1323. stick (stuck, stuck) (n, v)
【名词】 枝条 ,棍, 棒
Grandpa still walks without a stick. 爷爷走路仍不拄拐杖。
We collected dry sticks to start a fire.
我们捡了些枯枝生起火来。
The boy were throwing sticks and stones at the dog.
男孩子们向那条狗扔枝条扔石头。
【动词】粘住,钉住,坚持
They stuck the notice on the wall. 他们把通知贴在墙上。
This stamp won't stick. 这张邮票贴不上。
【补充】(通常用于疑问句和否定句)容忍, 忍受
I can’t stick such people. 我无法容忍那种人。
John can’t stick living with his parents.
约翰受不了和父母住在一起。
1324. still(ad) 还,仍旧
I wrote to them last month and I’m still waiting for a reply.
我上个月给他们写了信,到现在还在等回音。
Do you still live at the same address?你还住在原地址吗?
There’s still time to change your mind.
你还有时间改变主意。
Her grandmother is still living. 她祖母仍然健在。
They are still working in the fields.他们还在田里工作。
【补充】(a.)静止的,安静的,寂静的
Keep still while I brush your hair.我给你梳头时你不要动。
The kids found it hard to stay still.
那些孩子觉得呆着不动很难做到。
(ad.) (强调比较级)还要, 更
It's hot today, but it'll be still hotter tomorrow.
今天很热,但明天会更热。
The sick child looks still worse today than yesterday.
那个病童的情况今天看起来比昨天更不妙。
1325. stomach(n)胃, 腹部, 胃口
It’s not a good idea to drink on an empty stomach
空腹不宜喝酒。
You should exercise on a full stomach.
你不应该吃饱了就运动。
Lie on your stomach with your arms by your side
手臂放在两侧趴下。
【成语】have no stomach for sth.不想吃…;对…没胃口
1326. stone(n)石头, 石料
Most of the houses are built of stone.
这些房子多数是用石头建造的。
1327. stop (n, v)停,停车站;停,停止,阻止
The train came to a stop. 火车停了下来。
I'll get off at the next stop. 我下一站下车。
It has stopped raining. 雨停了。
The policemen stopped the fight. 警察制止了这场斗殴。
The heavy snow stopped him from coming to our party.
那场大雪使他未能前来参加我们的宴会。
We have worked for a long time, so we stop to have a rest.
我们工作很长时间了,我们停下来休息一下吧。
On my way home I stopped at my aunt’s.
回家途中我顺便到姑妈那儿去了一会儿。
He stopped at a hotel for the night.他在一家旅馆过夜。
【经典试题】
The river smells terrible. People must___ dirty water into it.
A. be stopped to throw B. be stopped from throwing
C.stop to throw D. stop from throwing
1328. store (n, v)
【动词】贮存 保管,收存 容纳; 蓄有
The cabbages were stored in the hole.包心菜储藏在那洞中。
They used the house to store the waste papers.
他们用那房子来存放废报纸
【名词】贮存 仓库 大商店 百货店
a health food store保健食品店
1329. storm(n) (如)暴风雪/雨(的); 袭击
A few minutes later the storm broke.
不一会儿暴风雨降临了。
1330. story(n)故事; (建筑物的)层,楼[
Shall I tell you a story?我给你讲个故事好吗?
The building has fifty stories. 这座大楼有五十层。
1331. strange(a)奇怪的;陌生的;生疏的,
A strange thing happened this morning.
今天上午发生了一件怪事。
She was looking at me in a strange way.
她用异样的眼光看着我。
At first the place was strange to me.
起先我对这个地方不熟悉。
1332. stranger(n)陌生人,外人
They got on well together although they were total strangers.
尽管以前素未谋面。但他们相处融洽。
Mom often tells Linda not to talk to a stranger.
琳达的妈妈经常告诉她不要和陌生人说话。
I’m sorry, I don’t know where the bank is. I’m a stranger here myself.
对不起,我不知道银行在哪,我不是本地人。
【2010安徽中考试题第39题】
--Could you tell me something about the boy who helped you just now?
--Sorry, I know nothing about him. We are ____.
A. friends B. neighbors C. classmates D. strangers
1333. strawberry(n)草莓
I like srawberries best.我最喜欢草莓。
1334. stream(n)小河,溪流
Can you jump across the stream?你能跳过这条小溪吗?
1335. street(n)大街, 街道
To walk along / down / up the street.沿着街道走。
The bank is just across the street.银行就在街对过。
The street runs through the town.街道横穿这个镇。
1336. strict(a)严格的, 严厉的,严密的
strict rules严格的纪律
She’s a strict teacher.她是个严格的教师。
Our teachers are all very strict with us students.
我们的老师对我们学生要求都很严格。
1337. strong(a)强壮的,强健的, ;(风、水流等)强劲的, (性格)坚强的;(态度等)坚决的;强硬的, (味道、气味)浓的,强烈的;(酒)烈性的, (能力)优秀的;擅长的
He is strong enough to lift that rock.
他力气很大,能举起那块石头。
Our leader has a strong will.我们的领袖有坚强的意志。
I like drinking strong tea. 我喜欢喝浓茶。
He is strong in mathematics. 他擅长数学。
1338. student(n)学生
a 15-year-old high school student一名15岁的中学生
1339. study(v,n) 学习;研究 书房
How long have you been studying English?
你学英语多久了?
Don’t disturb Tom. He’s studying for her exams.
不要打扰汤姆,他正在温习功课,准备考试呢。
to make / carry out a study进行/开展一项研究
It’s important to develop good study skills
培养良好的学习方法很重要。
Mr. Smith is reading in his study.史密斯先生在书房内看书。
1340. stupid(a)笨的, 蠢的,
It was stupid of you to believe him.
你竟然相信他,真是太愚蠢了。
I made a stupid mistake.我犯了个愚蠢的错误。
1341. subject(n)主题;题目;题材科目,学科主语
a magazine article on the subject of space travel一篇谈航天旅行的杂志文章
I wish you’d change the subject.我希望你换个话题。
Geography and English are my favorite sunjects.地理和英语是我最喜欢的两门课。
1342. succeed(v)成功,
He succeeded in getting the job. 他谋得了那份工作。
Our plan has succeeded. 我们的计划成功了。
【补充】继任; 继承; 继...之后; 接续
The younger man will succeed Mr. White as director.
那位较年轻的男士将接替怀特先生当主任。
1343. success(n)成功, 成就
What’s the secret of your success?
你成功的秘诀是什么?
They didn’t have much success in life.
他们一生没取得多大成就
I didn’t have much success in finding a job.
我找工作没什么结果
【补充】成功的人(或事)
The party was a big success.这次聚会非常成功。
He’s proud of his daughter’s successes.
他为女儿的种种成就感到自豪。
1344. successful(a)成功的, 如愿以偿的
They were successful in winning the game.
他们终于赢得了比赛。
I wasn’t vey successful at keeping the news secret.
我没能把这条消息保密。
1345. such (ad., a ,Pron.) 这样的,那样的,这样的人(物)
Such accidents should not happen again.
不可以再发生这种事故了。
Why are you in such a hurry?干吗这么急匆匆的?
He is such a good teacher that all his pupils like him.
他是位极好的老师,所有的学生都喜欢他。
It was such an exciting game.那场比赛真是精彩刺激。
Such were her words. 她就是这么说的。
Such is their decision. 他们的决定就是这样。
1346. sudden(a)突然的, 忽然的
a sudden change/decision 骤变/突然地决定
His death was very sudden.他死得很突然。
【补充】suddenly突然,忽然,骤然
I suddenly realized what I had to do.
我突然明白我该怎么做了。
It all happened so suddenly.一切都来得那么突然。
1347. sugar(n)糖
Do you take sugar?您放糖吗?
【补充】宝贝儿,亲爱的
See you later, sugar.再见,亲爱的。
1348. suggest(v)建议,提议
I suggest our going to the park on Sunday.
我建议我们星期天去公园。
The dentist suggested that she (should) come another day. 牙医建议她改天再来。
I suggestedd going in my car.我提议做我的车去。
Can you suggest a good dictionary?
你能推荐一本好字典吗?
【注意】不能说:
Can you suggest me a good dictionary? (错误句型)
不能说:suggest sb. sth.
1349. suggestion(n)建议, 意见
Can I make a suggestion?我提个建议好吗?
Do you have any suggestions?你有什么建议吗?
I’d like to hear your suggestions for ways of raising money.
关于筹集资金的办法,我想听听你的看法。
We are open to suggestions.我们愿意听取大家的建议。
1350. summer(n)夏天, 夏季;
It’s very hot here in summer.这里夏天很热。
in the summer of 1999在1999年夏天
It is now high summer.正值盛夏。
the summer holidays暑假
1351. sun(n)太阳; 日光
the rising / setting sun 初升的/西下的太阳
The sun was shining and birds were singing.
阳光照耀,鸟儿鸣啭。
Don’t read in the sun.不要再阳光下看书
【成语】under the sun天下,世上,全世界
We talked about everything under the sun.
天南地北,我们无所不谈。
* sunburnt (a) 晒黑的
* sunglasses (n) 太阳镜
* sunlight (n) 阳光,日光
* sunrise (n) 黎明,拂晓
* sunset (n) 日落(时分)
* sunshine (n) 阳光
1352. Sunday(n)星期天
Tom invited all his best friends to his birthday party last Sunday.
上星期天汤姆邀请他所有的好友去参加他的生日聚会。
1353. sunny(a)晴朗的, 阳光明亮的
It was a warm sunny day.那是个温暖的阳光明媚的日子。
His nature was sunny.他性情开朗。
1354. supermarket(n)超级市场
They bought food at the supermarket.
他们在超市买了食物。
1355. supper(n)晚饭, 晚餐
He is at supper.他正在吃晚饭。
I had a wonderful supper yesterday.
昨天我吃了一顿很棒的晚餐。
The hotel is famous for its suppers.
那个旅馆以晚餐而著称。
1356. supply (v, n)
【动词】 供给,供应,提供
Our farm supplies the market with fruits and vegetables. 我们的农场为市场提供水果和蔬菜。
The school supplies books for the children.
学校为儿童提供书本。
【名词】 供给,供应 生活用品 生活费 补给品
Our medical supplies are running short.
我们的医疗用品快用完了。
The water supply was unsafe.供水不稳定。
My father has cut off the supplies.父亲停止给我生活费了。
1357. suppose(v)猜想, 假定,料想
I suppose he is still in town. 我想他还在城里。
Suppose the car should break down again.
假定汽车又出毛病了。
You’re not supposed to take the books out of the room.
这些书不能拿出屋去。
She had supposed him (to be) very rich.她原以为他很有钱。
I had supposed his wife a younger woman.
我原以为他妻子要更年轻。

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