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中考英语连词复习学案

关键词: 九年级 来源: 初中学习网


中考要求
1.掌握并列连词的基本用法。如:and, but , or , so 等。
2.掌握常用从属连词的基本用法。如: when, after, before, as soon as, because , if 等。
二 知识点学习
1.并列连词
1) 表示并列关系的连词有:and,both…and…, neither…nor…, not only…but also…, as well as 等。
We were singing and dancing all evening. 整个晚上我们都在唱歌跳舞。
Would you like fish or beef? 你要鱼还是牛肉?
She is not only a singer but also a dancer.
2) 表示转折关系的并列连词有:but, yet, while, however,nevertheless, still 等等。
All this he did, but it had no effect at all. 这一切他都做了,但一点都不起作用。
They are ugly and expensive, yet people buy them. 他们又丑又贵,但人们还是要买。
His first response was to say no. Later, however, he changed his mind.
他的第一反应是不行,但后来他改变了主意。
3)表示因果关系得并列连词:so, for, then, therefore等。
Our cases were heavy, so we took a taxi. 我们的箱子很重,因此我们坐了出租车。
He had gone; she therefore gave the money to me. 他走了,于是她把钱给了我。
4)表示选择关系得并列连词有: or, or else, either…or…, otherwise等。
Work hard, or you will fail in the exam.
Either he or you have taken my umbrella by mistake.
2) 从属连词(1)
引导宾语从句的从属连词有:that, whether, if, wh-疑问词
1). that用于引导陈述句的宾语从句,可以省去,如:
? She says that she likes watching TV very much.
2). when, where, who, why, what等连接副词连接由特殊疑问句转化过来的宾语从句。如:
? Do you know when the train arrives?
? Can you tell me where you come from?
3). if, whether连接有一般疑问句转化过来的宾语从句。
? They are wondering if they can get the money back.
? She asked the librarian whether she had to pay for the lost book.
?

注意:
(1) We will go to the Great Wall if it doesn’t rain tomorrow.
I don’t know if he will come tomorrow.
(2)后跟or not时,不能使用if引导
I’m not sure whether or not the shop is open.
(3)当后跟动词不定式时,不能使用if引导
Do you know whether to go to the Great Wall tomorrow?
三 练习
( )1.?Be careful, ________you will make mistakes in your exams.
?I know that,Mum.One can never be too careful.
A.and B.or C.nor D.but
( )2.I can ________ swim ________ skate. I’m going to have some training next year.
A. either, or B. neither, nor C. both, andD. not only, but also
( )3.__ John __ I are policemen.
A. Neither...nor B. Either...or C. Both...and D. Not only...but also
( ) 4. Could you tell me _____ tomorrow?
A. when will the party beginB. when the party will begin
C. when would the party beginD. when the party would begin
( )5. Work hard, you won’t catch up with the other students.
A. orB. so C. and D. but
( )6.Mr. Wang didn’t tell us ten years ago.
A. where he workedB. where did he work
C. where he works D. where does he work
( )7. Lisa usually gets to school at 7:45 ______ has the first class at 8:00.
A. but B. and C. so D. or
( )8. ?Will you please tell me____________ the music?
?Sure. Just click(点击) here.
A. when can I download B. when I can download
C. how can I download D. how I can download
( ) Tony is very poor, ___________he is very happy.
A. and B. but C. or D. to
( ) 21. I ran as fast as I could to the station ______ I still missed the bus.
A. andB. butC. orD. so
( ) 32. ----Do you know __________ since 2007?
----Let me see, oh about 1,700 words.
A. how many words have we learned B.how many words do we learn
C. how many words we have learned D.how many words we learn
( )22. ?You’d better go home at once ______ your mother will be worried.
?All right.
A. and B. or C. but D. so

中考总复习-语法-连词 第二课时
一 中考要求
1.掌握并列连词的基本用法。如:and, but , or , so 等。
2.掌握常用从属连词的基本用法。如: when, after, before, as soon as, because , if 等。
二 知识点学习
从属连词:引导状语从句when,until,after, before, as soon as, since, for, although,if,because,so that,as if, so…that, while等

1.引导时间状语从句的从属连词: when ,before ,after, until ,as soon as (主将从现)
Don’t get excited when you talk. 讲话时别激动。
I’ll take no steps until you arrive. 你来之前我不会采取什么行动

2.引导条件状语从句的从属连词:if , unless,as long as
I must leave if that’s the case. 如果情况如此我就得走了。
I’ll go there tomorrow unless it rains. 除非下雨,否则我明天去那里。

3.引导原因状语从句的从属连词:because,as, since
He was worried because he hadn’t had any letter from her.
他很担忧因为他没收到过她一封信。
As David had a passion for walking, we started off on foot.
由于大卫喜欢走路,我们就步行出发了。

4. 引导方式状语从句的从属连词:as, as if, as though
When at Rome, do as the Romans do. 入境随俗。
He paused as if expecting her to speak. 他停了停,像是在期待她说话。

5.引导结果状语从句的从属连词:so… that … ,such… that…
He was so fat that he couldn’t get though the door. 他胖得连门都过不去了。
Jim made such a noise that his sister told him to be quiet.
吉姆吵成那样,他姐姐让他安静点。

6.引导让步状语从句的从属连词:though /although,even if
Though not large, the room was light and airy. 房间虽然不大,采光和通风却很好。
The girl, though plain, had a kind face. 这姑娘虽然相貌平庸,却有一张善良的脸。
I wouldn’t do it, even if you paid me a thousand pounds. 即使你付我一千英镑,我也不干。Xkb1.com

7.引导目的状语从句的从属连词:so that, in order that
He left early in order that his children would not be alone in the house.
他早早动身,以免孩子们单独待在家里。
Ask her to hurry up with the letters so that I can sign them.
让她快点把信打好,以便我能签字。

注意:不能同时出现在一个句子中的连词。
1).because ,so 不能同时出现在一个句子里,只用其中之一。
 Because in our school knew him, so we had no trouble in finding him.
2).though /although ,but不能同时出现在一个句子里,只用其中之一。但though 可以与yet,still 同时出现在一个句子中。
 Though Australia is very large, but the population is quite small.(X)

练习:
( )23. John doesn’t like playing sports __________ he likes walking his dog.
A. butB. andC. soD. or
( )30. ?Do you know _______________________?
?Next Tuesday.
A. when Mr. White will visit us B. when will Mr. White visit us
C. why Mr. White will visit us D. why will Mr. White visit us
( )21. The hotel is very small, ________ it’s very clean and comfortable.
A. so B. and C. but D. or
( )33. I want to know the day after tomorrow.
A. what will he do B. what he will do
C. what he did D. what did he do
( )23. We were so excited that we rushed into the street _____ we heard the news.
A. until B. ever since C. as if D. as soon as
( )33.?Lucy, I hear the new TV tower is fantastic. Could you tell me ______?
?Sure! Take No.8 bus. It’s not far.
A. how far it is B. where is it
C. how I can get thereD. which bus should I take
( )33. ? Do you know ____ now? I want to visit her.
? Sorry. I don’t know.
A. where did Kate live B. where does Kate live
C. where Kate livedD. where Kate lives
( )23. You should start working harder, ________ you won’t pass the course.
A. and B. so C. but D. or
( )33. As soon as he comes back, I’ll tell him when _________ and see him.

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