关键词: 九年级 来源: 初中学习网

The plants want watering daily. = The plants want to be watered daily.
1522. war(n)战争; 斗争
the Second World War第二次世界大战
Where were you living when war broke out?
They were fighting a just war.他们在打一场正义战争。
1523. warm(a)温暖的; 热情的;衷心的
The day was warm and cloudless.天气温暖而晴朗。
Aunt Sue is a very warm person.苏阿姨是个极为热诚的人。
It’s nice and warm in here.这里暖烘烘的。
The children jumped up and down to keep warm.孩子们上下跳动保持身体暖和。
The speaker was given a warm welcome.
* warm-hearted (a.) 热心的
1524. warn (v) 警告;告诫;提醒; 预先通知
The police warned us not to go out at night.
He warned me against going outside alone at night.
They warned him of the danger.他们警告他有危险。
She was warned that if she did it again she would lose her job.
The weather station warned that a sandstorm was coming.
* warning (n) 警报
1525. wash(v)洗, 洗涤
The jeans need washing.这条牛仔裤该洗了。
Wash your hands before meals.饭前要洗手。
* washing machine 洗衣机
* washroom (n) 洗手间
1526. waste (n, v) 浪费; 废(弃)物;废料,排泄物
You’re wasting your time trying to explain it to him.你跟他解释是在浪费时间。
Don't waste your time and energy on such things
I hate unnecessary waste.我憎恨不必要的浪费。
What a waste of paper !多么浪费纸啊!
It’s not right to waste too much time on computer games.
1527. watch (n, v) 观看;观察,注视,小心;提防;表;守卫,
We watched to see what would happen next.
She watched the kids playing in the yard.
They watched the bus disappear into the distance.
Could you watch my bag for me while I buy a paper?
Watch your bag!----there are thieves around.
Watch your head on the low ceiling.
Watch out ! There’s a car coming.小心!车来了
My watch is fast / low.我的表快/慢
The government is keeping a close watch on how the situation develops.
Be on the watch for thieves.要提防小偷
I often watch them ______. A. play chess B. to play chess
He often watches TV___himself. A. to relax B. relax C.relaxed
1528. water(n)水
a glass of water一杯水
There’s hot and cold running water in all the bedrooms.所有的卧室里都有冷暖热水
The flowers need watering.这些花需要浇水。
The smells from the kitchen made my mouth water.
1529. watermelon(n)西瓜
It’s good for your health to eat some watermelon in such a hot day.
1530. way(n)路,通路,道路; 方法,方式; ,路线
Can you show me the way to the Post Office?
Do you know the way to the post office?
Scientists are trying to find ways to prevent disease.
Get out of my way ! I’m in a hurry.让开!我有急事。
By the way, I found the book you were looking for.
You’ll have to move-. You’re in my way.
--Do you want to help”你想帮忙吗?--No way !决不。
We lost our way in the dark.我们在黑暗中迷路了。
He stopped for breakfast on the way.
He found a purse lying on the ground on his way to school.
*wayside (a.) 路边的
I couldn’t get through the door because there was a big box _______.
A. by the way B. on the way
C. out of the way D. in the way
1531. we(pron)我们(主格)
We’d like to offer you the job.
Let’s go to have a drink, shall we?
1532. weak(a.)弱的,虚弱的;(能力等)弱的,差的
She is still weak after her long illness.
He was weak in mathematics, but good at English. 他数学差,但英语好。
* weakness (n) 柔弱
1533. wealth(n)财产, 财富
Health is above wealth.健康比财富更重要。
a wealth of information大量的信息
The new manager brings a great wealth of experience to the job.
*wealthy (a.) 富的
1534. wear (wore, worn) (v)穿着;戴着;佩带着;; (将胡须、头发)留成...的样子;保持...的样子; 穿破,磨损;
She was wearing a gold ring. 她戴着一个金戒指。
He is wearing a pair of glasses 他戴这一副眼镜。
He was wearing a pleasant smile.
She wears her hair long. 她留长发。
His trousers have been worn into holes.
He wore out two pairs of shoes last year.
1535. weather(n)天气
There is going to be a change in the weather.天气将有变化。
--Are you going to the beach tomorrow?
--It depends on the weather.那要看天气而定。
What’s the weather like today? =
How is the weather today?今天天气怎么样?
* weatherman (n) 气象员,预报天气的人
1536. #website(n)网址; 站点
1537. Wednesday(n)星期三
We’ll meet on Wednesday.我们星期三见面。
On Wednesdays I do the shopping.
1538. week星期, 周
He comes to see us once a week.
a two-week holiday / vacation两周假期
* weekly (a.) 每周的
1539. weekday(n)工作日(星期一到星期五任一天)
The centre is open from 9 a.m to 6 p.m on weekdays.
1540. weekend(n)周末
Have a good weekend!周末愉快!
1541. weigh(v)称...的重量; 有...重量 重压
She weighs 60 kilos.她体重60公斤。
How much do you weigh? 你体重多少?
1542. weight(n)重,重量;体重 砝码
What is your weight? 你体重多少?
It is about 76 kilos in weight.这东西重约76千克。
He’s put on weight since he gave up smoking.
a set of weights一组砝码
weight training举重训练
1543. welcome (a.) 欢迎, 迎接; 受欢迎的
Your letter was very welcome.很高兴收到你的信。
They are welcome to stay here as long as they like.
--Thanks for your help.多谢你帮忙。
--You’re welcome不必谢。
They were at the door to welcome us.他们在门口迎接我们。
It’s a pleasure to welcome you to our home.
I’d welcome any suggestion.任何建议我都会乐意接受。
1544. well (better, best) (a. ad. n .)
Well done!干得好!
He plays basketball very well.他篮球打得好。
How well do you know Carlo?你跟卡拉有多熟?
Are they coming as well?他们也来吗?
He is a doctor as well as a scientist.
They sell books as well as newspapers.
I don’t feel very well. 我感觉不舒服。
Is she well enough to travel?
【名词】井, 水井;油井;气井 楼梯井;;通风井
Well, I didn't think to see you here!
Well, perhaps that's true. 嗯,也许那是真的。
*well-known (a.) 出名的,众所周知的
1545. west (a. n ) 西方,西部;(在/朝/来自)西方的,西部的
He lives to the west of the town.他住在这个城镇以西的地方。
1546. western(a.) (在)西方的, 西部的
western art西方艺术
He is wearing a western style suit.
* westerner (n) 西方人
* westward (ad) 向西
1547. wet(a)湿的, 潮湿的; 下雨的
You’ll get wet if you go out now.
Try not to get your shoes wet.尽量别弄湿了鞋子。
The blue whale is the world’s largest living animal
1549. what(pron, a.)什么; 多少; 多么
What you need is a good meal.
Nobody knows what will happen next.
What a beautiful house!多漂亮的房子啊!
Would you please show me how to use the new camera?
1550. whatever (conj, pron )
任何...的事物;凡是...的东西 不管什么 究竟什么
Do whatever you like.你喜欢做什么就做什么。
Whatever decision he made I would support it.
You must do whatever is best for you.
1551. wheat(n)小麦
The farmer grows a lot of wheat.
1552. wheel(n)轮子, 车轮
a spare wheel 备用胎
I’m rather tired, will you take the wheel?
1553. when (conj, ad. ) 当…的时候; 什么时候
I love history when I was at school.我上学时喜欢历史
Please tell him the news when he comes tomorrow.
When do you get up every morning?
I don’t know when to start.我不知道何时开始。
I’d like to know when they will let him out.
--Tell him about the news when he_____, John. --Yes, I will.
A. comes B. will come C. would come D. is coming
1554. whenever (conj) 无论什么时候;每当
I told him to come back whenever he wants to.
You may leave whenever you please.
1555. where(ad.)在哪里;;从哪里;在哪一点上
The driver asked me where I wanted to go.
Where shall we go? 我们去哪里?
I wonder where they will take us to.
This is the city where I was born.这是我出生的城市
They live where the police can’t get them.
That’s where it is.那才是真正的理由所在。
This is where you are wrong.这就是你不对的地方。
I don’t know where to start.我不知道从什么地方开始。
This is the hotel _________ last month.
A. which they stayed. B. at that they stayed
C.where they stayed at D. where they stayed
1556. whether(conj) 是否 (与if近义)
Ask him whether he can come or not. 问问他是否能来。
I don't know whether you like flowers, sir.
不管是...(或是) (不可用if)
We'll go on with the work, whether we can find the necessary tools or not.
I’m going whether you like it or not.
I didn’t know ____ they could pass the exam or not.
A. why B. when C. that D. whether
Which is better exercise---swimming or tennis?
Which is my seat? 哪个座位是我的?
Which of you wish to go with me?
I can’t decide which to choose.我无法决定选哪一个。
That is the house which I built.那是我建的房子。
There are so many kinds of computers in the shop. I really don’t know ____ to choose.
A. what B. which C. how D. where
The factory ____ we’ll visit next week is not far from here.
A. where B. to which C. which D. in which
1558. while (conj, n ) 一会儿, 当...的时候,和...同时 而,然而 虽然,尽管
I'll take care of your children while you are away. 你不在时我会照顾你的孩子的。
While I was waiting at the bus stop, three buses went by in the opposite direction.
I like tea while she likes coffee.
While I like the color of the hat, I do not like its shape.
I'll be back in a while. 我一会儿就回来。
They chatted for a while.他们聊了一会儿
1559. white(a, n)白色, 白种人; 白色的
His hair was as white as snow.他头发雪白。
She was dressed all in white.她穿着一身白色衣服。
1560. who(pron)谁, 什么人; 关系代词
I wonder who that letter was from.
Who is that woman in the red hat?
Who are you phoning?你在给谁打电话?
The people who called yesterday want to buy the house.
The people (who) we met in France have sent us a card.
Whoever wants the book may have it.
I’ll find the person who did this, whoever he is.
Come out of there, whoever you are.
I don’t want to see them, whoever they are.
1561. whole(a.)全部的; 整体的
He spent the whole day writing.他整整写了一天。
1562. whom谁(who宾格, 在介词后必用)
Whom did they invite? 他们邀请谁了?
To whom should I write? 我应该把信写给谁?
I don’t know whom to give it to.我不知道给谁。
The man whom I saw yesterday is his uncle.
Do you know the boy with ___ Jim is talking?
A. who B. whom C. that D. which
1563. whose(pron)
Whose books are these? 这些书是谁的?
I wonder whose this is.我不知道这是谁的。
The woman whose umbrella you took is very angry about it.
It’s the house whose door’s painted red.
The men whose names were called left the room.
I lost a book, ___ I can’t remember now.
A. whose title B. its title C. the title of it
1564. why (ad. int. )
Why were you late?你为何迟到?
Tell me why you did it.告诉我你为什么这样做
Why not write to her?为什么不给她写信呢?
--Let’s eat out.咱们到外边去吃吧。--Why not?好哇
Why don’t we go together?我们为什么吧一起去呢?
--Why not go to the office and ask your teacher for help?
--I have. But I didn’t find her there.
These are the reasons why we do it.
That’s why I came here. 那就是我为什么要来这里的原因。
(表示惊讶、不耐烦、赞成、异议、犹豫或引出另一种想法等) 咦,哎呀,哦,当然,唔
Why, this is the very book I want.
1565. wide(a.)宽阔的;宽松的 广阔的;广泛的
How wide is that stream?那条小溪有多宽?
They came to a wide river.他们来到了一条宽阔的河边。
The lake is about six miles wide.这条湖约六英里宽。
He has a wide knowledge of French history.
* widespread (a.) 普遍的,分布广的
1566. wife(n)妻子
She’s his second wife.她是他的第二个妻子。
The two men went fishing while their wives prepares the dinner.
1567. will (would) (modal v)将; 愿意; 总是
How long will you be staying in Paris?
By next year all the money will have been spent.到明年所有的钱都将被花光
They won’t lend us any more money.
You’ll water the plants while I’m away, won’t you?
--Please bring little Tom next time you come to Anhui. --_____, thank you.
A. I will B. I hope so C. That’s right D. My pleasure
1568. win (won, won) (n) 胜利, 赢; 获胜; 战胜(对手)
to win a game / a war赢得比赛/战争
We have won the football match.我们打赢了这场足球赛。
We shall win greater victories in the future.
--Our team ____ the match. We’ve got the first prize.
--Well done! Congratulations!
A. hit B. beat C. won D. watched
1569. wind(n)风
The wind is blowing from the south.刮得是南风。
The weather was hot, without a breath of wind.
【补充】wind (wound, wound) (v) 缠绕,蜿蜒,
The path wound down to the beach.小路弯弯曲曲通向海滩。
It’s time to wind your watch.该给表上弦了。
1570. window(n)窗户, 橱窗
She looked out of the window.她向窗外看去。
Do you mind if I open the window?
1571. windy(a)有风的, 大风的
a windy day大风天
It’s too windy to go out in the boat.风太大不能乘船出行。
1572. wine(n)葡萄酒, 果酒
a bottle of wine一瓶葡萄酒
Wine is made from grapes.葡萄酒由葡萄制成。
1573. wing(n)翅膀 机翼
Butterflies’ wings are very beautiful.蝴蝶的翅膀很漂亮。
The plane’s wings are very long.飞机的机翼很长。
1574. winner(n)获胜者; 成功的东西
The winners of the competition will be announced next month.
I think your idea is a winner.我认为你的想法能够成功。
1575. winter(n)冬天, 冬季
They worked on the building all through the winter.他们整个冬天都在建这座大楼。
We went to New Zealand last winter.
1576. wise(a)有智慧的;聪明的 英明的;明智的
I’m older and wiser after ten years in the business.
It was very wise to leave when you did.
The wisest course of action is just to say nothing.最妥当的行动方式是缄默不语。
You are wise not to join the club.你不加入俱乐部是明智的。
* wisdom (n) 智慧
1578. wish ( v ,n) 但愿想要;希望,渴望
I wish (that) I had never met her.我要是没遇见过她就好了。
I wish (that) I were/was younger.我真希望能年轻一些。
I wish I were really wealthy. 但愿我真的富有。
I wish everything ready. 我希望一切准备妥当。
What do you wish me to do? 你想要我做什么?
I wish to go, but my mother wishes me to stay at home.
We all send our best wishes for the future.
Give my good wishes to the family.请替我向全家致意。
With best wishes祝好(信中结尾)
I wish you a happy birthday. 祝你生日快乐。
Wish you good luck in the new year!祝你新年交好运。
Please send her my good wishes when you write to her.
1579. with(prep)关于,带有,以,和,用,有
She lives with her son. 她和儿子住在一起。
The girl with long hair is my classmate.
My American friend is learning to eat with chopsticks.
The bag is filled with sand.这袋子装满了沙子。
I often play tennis with my cousin.我常和表弟打网球。
We are with you there.在那一点上我们站在你这一边。
Be careful with the glasses.小心这些玻璃杯。
Are you pleased with the result?你对结果满意吗?
Don’t be angry with her.别生她的气。
She often helps me with my homework on Sundays.
She sleeps with the window open.她爱开着窗户睡觉。
Don’t stand with your hands in your pockets.
He had a gun with him. 他带了枪。
I have no money with me. 我身边没有钱。
They were wild with joy. 他们欣喜若狂。
1580. without(prep)无, 没有;
He found the place without difficulty.
Don’t go without me.别甩下我就走。
Don’t go out without your coat.别不穿大衣就出去。
Can you see without your glasses?
He left without saying goodbye.他不辞而别。
* within (prep) 在…里面
1581. wolf(n)狼
a wolf in sheep’s clothing披着羊皮的狼
1582. wonder (v, )对…疑惑;感到惊奇;想知道
I wonder who she is.我不知道她是谁。
I wonder whether you like her.我不知道你是否喜欢她。
We wonder that the little boy is a university student.
I wonder (that) he didn’t hurt himself jumping over the wall.
* wonder (n) 惊讶,惊叹,奇迹
* wonderful (a.) 奇妙的,精彩的,了不起的
1583. work (n, v)
【名词】工作;劳动;作业;事; 著作,作品;【物】功
It takes a lot of work to dig a deep well.
I have to bring my work home today.
He is making a study of William Faulkner's works. 他在研究威廉?福克纳的作品。
【动词】工作,劳动 (机器等)运转,起作用;行得通;计算,算出
She works in a restaurant. 她在一家饭店工作。
She works for an engineering company.她在一家工程公司工作。
My son is working as a science teacher.我儿子是个理科教师。
He is working on a new novel.他正在写一部新小说。
The machine won't work. 机器不转了。
Your suggestion works well. 你的建议很有效。
I can’t work out the answer to the question.
I couldn’t work out where the music was coming from.
I’ve worked out a new way of doing it.
?workday (n) 工作日
?* workmate (n) 同事,工友
?Workplace (n) 工作场所, 车间
?Works (n) 著作,作品
--These problems are too hard to ____. Will you give me some advice?
--There are many ways, but the most important is to have a careful plan.
A. work out B. look out C. hand out D. put out
1584. worker(n)工人,工作者
dismiss/fire/kick out a worker解雇工人
a social worker 社会工作者
1585. world(n)世界; 地球; 宇宙; 界, 领域
a map of the world世界地图
French is spoken in many parts of the world.
1586. worry(使)烦恼, (使)担心, (使)焦虑
Don’t worry. We have plenty of time.
Don’t worry about me. I’ll be all right.
What worries me is how I am going to get another job.
* worried (a.) 担心的,烦恼的
Don’t look so worried.别这么愁眉苦脸的。
I’m not worried about her. She can take care of herself.
1587. worth(a.)有(...的)价值,值; 值得(做...)
How much is this painting worth?这副画值多少钱?
This ring is worth 1,000 US dollars.这戒指值一千美元。
That novel is not worth reading.
This idea is well worth considering.
* worthless (a.) 没有价值的,没有用的
* worthwhile (a.) 值得做的
1588. would will的过去式; 愿意; 总是
She asked if I would help.她问我是否会帮忙。
Hurry up ! It would be a shame to miss the beginning of the play.
Would you like to go with us?你想和我们一起去吗?
Would you mind leaving us alone for a few minutes?
I’d rather come with you.我倒愿意和你一起来。
1589. wound (v, n) 使受伤;伤害;创伤,伤;伤口;伤疤
The shot wounded her left arm.子弹打伤了她的左臂。
The thief wounded her in the arm with his knife.
He had a knife wound in his chest.他胸部有刀伤。
That was a wound to the child's pride.
* wounded (a.) 受伤的
1590. write (wrote, written) (v)写,书写,
In some countries children don’t start learning to read and write until they are six.
Write your name at the top of the paper.
1591. wrong(a.) 错误的,不对的,不正常的,出毛病的;不健全的,不适当的
I took the wrong way. 我走错了路。
It is wrong of you to get so angry.
What's wrong with the machine?这机器出了什么毛病?
Something is wrong with her. 她有问题。
She is the wrong person for the position.
This man has done nothing wrong.
The doctor could find nothing wrong with him.
I have something wrong with my foot.我的脚有点不对劲。
There is something with the printer.打印机出了故障。
1592. woman (women) (n)妇女, 成年女子
I prefer to see a woman doctor.
There are three women teachers in our school.
1593 wonderful(a)极好的, 精彩的
We had a wonderful time last night.
1594 wood(n)木头,木材
All the furniture was made of wood.
* wooden (a.) 木制的
1595 word. 词,单字 (简短的)一句话 言辞,消息,音讯;传说 诺言 口角
Do not write more than 200 words.
Tell me what happened in your own words.
He left without a word.她一句话没说就走了。
I cannot remember the words of the song.
He sent word to us that he would not be able to come.
He is a man of his word. 他是个信守诺言的人。
Sarah had words with her brother this morning.
My uncle is a man of few words.
?worse (a.) 更坏 / worst最坏的
1596. X- ray (n)X射线的, X光的; 用X光检查
an X-ray machine爱克斯光机
to take an X-ray 拍摄X光照片
I had to go for an X-ray. 我得去做X光检查。
The doctor studied the X-rays of her heart.
1597. yard(n)码(英美长度单位;=3英尺) 院子,场地
The children were playing in the yard at the front of the school.孩子们在学校前的空地上玩耍。
You can still buy cloth by the yard in this country.在这个国家买布还论码。
He was standing under a tree about ten yards away.
1598. year(n)年; 年度; 多年(复)
in the year 1865 在1865年
The museum is open all the year round.博物馆全年开放。
She looks young for her years.她看上去比她的年龄小。
a twenty-year-old man 一名二十岁的男子
She died in her sixtieth year.她是六十岁时去世的。
It’s years since we last met.我们多年没见面了。
They haven’t seen each other for years.
1599. yellow(a, n)黄色的; 黄色
pale yellow flowers淡黄色的花朵
The fields were yellow with wheat.麦田一片金黄。
Most of Asians are yellow.大多数亚洲人都是黄皮肤。
1600. yes(ad)是, 是的; 真的吗? 是不是? 嗳!
Are you comig? Yes or no?你来吗?来还是不来?
We’re hoping that they will say yes to our suggestions.
--I’ve never met her before.我以前从没见过她。--Yes, you have. 不,你见过。
--Dad, can I borrow the car?--Yes, but be careful.
--Would you like a drink?--Yes, please / thanks.
--Waiter. 服务员! --Yes, sir? 什么事,先生?
1601. yesterday(n,ad)昨天;在昨天
They arrived yesterday.他们昨天到达。
Where were you yesterday morning?你昨天上午在哪?
1602. yet(ad) (用于否定句)还(没);(用于疑问句)现在,已经
I haven’t received a letter from him yet.我还没收到他的信。
The moon has not risen yet.月亮还没有升起。
Has he finished the work yet?那工作他做完了没有?
--Are you ready?准备好了吗?--No, not yet.还没有
1603. you(pron)你,你们
You said you knew the way.你说过你知道路的。
You girls, stop talking.你们这些女孩子,别说话了。
Open the window, will you?把窗户打开,好吗?
1604. young(a.) 年轻的;幼小的; 初期的,开始不久的
My sister is too young to go to school.
I’m the youngest of the four sisters.四姐妹中我最小。
My son’s thirteen but he’s young for his age.
He is old in age yet young in spirit.
The young nation is faced with many difficulties. 那个新建立的国家面临许多困难。
He was young in this kind of work.他对这种工作经验不多。
1605. your(pron)你的,你们的
The bank is on your right.银行在你的右边
Dentists advise you to have your right teeth checked every six months.
* yours 名词性物主代词
Is she a friend of yours?她是你的朋友吗?
--Where is my pen?
--Oh, sorry. I have taken yours by mistake.
1606. yourself(pron) 你自己; 你亲自,你本人
Help yourself to whatever you like.
Did you make the cake yourself?
1607. yourselves(pron)你们自己
Enjoy yourselves.祝你们玩得开心。
1608. zebra(n)斑马
* zebra crossing斑马线
1609. zero (n, num)
There are two zeros in 1008.在1008中有两个零。
At zero water is frozen solid.零度时水冻结为固体。
It was ten degrees below zero last nigth.昨晚气温零下十度。
1610. zoo(n)动物园
They spent the summer visiting zoos and parks.
Let’s go to the zoo.咱们去逛动物园吧。
1611 prefer宁可,宁愿(选择);更喜欢
I prefer the quiet countryside to the noisy cities. 我喜欢安静的乡村胜过喧闹的城市。
So you prefer living abroad?那么你是宁愿旅居海外啦?
At the moment, he preferred not to think about the future.
Would you prefer me to stay? 你愿意我留下来吗?
--Do you often watch Man and Nature on TV?
--Sometimes.It’s an interesting program,but I______Sports News.
A. prefer B. want C. enjoy D. miss
1612. matter (n. v) 事情,问题;要紧,影响大
--I’m sorry I mistake you for each other. --______.
A. You’re right B. It’s not your mistake
C. It doesn’t matter D. Yes, you made a mistake

第二板块 初中英语不规则动词表

shut[??t]shut[??t]shut[??t]关上, 闭起,停止营业

2. ABA


(1)在动词原形后加一个辅音字母d, t或ed构成过去式或过去分词。

hang['h?]hanged/ hung[h??]hanged/ hung绞死,悬挂
light['lait]lit/lighted[lit]lit/lighted[lit]点燃, 照亮
prove[pru:v]provedproven/proved['pru:v?n]证明, 证实,试验
shine[?ain]shone/shinedshone/shined[??un, ??n]使照耀,使发光
show[??u]showedshowed/shown['??un]展示, 给...看
smell[smel]smelled/smelt[smelt]smelled/smelt[smelt]闻, 嗅
wake[weik]waked/woke[w?uk]waked/woken['w?uk?n]醒来,叫醒, 激发

(2)把动词原形的最后一个辅音字母“d”改为“t” 构成过去式或过去分词。
rebuild[,ri:'bild]rebuilt[,ri:'bilt]rebuilt[,ri:'bilt]改建, 重建

(3)原形→ought →ought

(4) 原形→aught →aught

dig[di?]dug[d??]dug[d??]掘(土), 挖(洞、沟等)
lead[li:d]led[led]led[led]引导, 带领, 领导
stick[stik]stuck[st?k]stuck[st?k]插进, 刺入, 粘住,




lay[lei]laid[leid]laid[leid]下蛋, 放置
lose[lu:z]lost[l?st, l?:st]lost[l?st, l?:st]失去
have[h?v]had[hd, h?d, ?d]had[hd, h?d, ?d]有


drive[ draiv ]drove[dr?uv]driven[driv?n]驾驶
forgive[f?'?iv]forgot[f?'??t]forgiven原谅, 饶恕
know[n?u]knew[nju:, nu:]known知道
mistake[mi'steik]mistook[mi'stuk]mistooken弄错; 误解,
prove[pru:v]provedproven/proved证明,证实, 试验
take[teik]took[tuk]taken['teikn, 'teik?n]拿
throw[θr?u]threw[θru:]thrown[θr?un, 'θr?un]抛,扔



(3) 变单词在重读音节中的元音字母“i”分别为“a”(过去式)和“u”(过去分词)。
[i→a →u]
sink[si?k]sank[s?k]sunk[s??k]下沉, 沉没


be(am, is, are)was/ werebeen是
bear[bε?]bore[b?:]born/borne[b?:n]负担, 忍受
do[du:, du:]did[did]done[d?n]做

第三板块 搭配句型
★希望做某事hope to do sth.★决定做某事decide to do sth.
★同意做某事agree to do sth.★需要去做某事need to do sth.
★开始做某事start/begin to do sth★迫不及待做某事can’t wait to do
★准备做某事get/be ready to do★尽力/努力做某事try to do sth
★计划做某事plan to do sth.★不得不have to do
★选择做某事choose to do sth. ★拒绝做某事refuse to do sth.
★告诉某人做某事tell sb. to do sth.★请某人做某事ask sb. to do sth.
★希望某人做某事wish sb. to do sth. ★想要某人做某事would like sb. to do sth.
★请某人做某事ask sb. to do sth. ★教某人做某事teach sb. to do sth.
★喜欢/想要某人做某事 like sb. to do sth.★帮助某人做某事help sb. do /to do sth
★encourage sb to do鼓励某人做 ★允许某人做某事allow sb. to do sth.
★It takes sb. sometime to do sth. 某人做某事花了某时间
例句:1. It takes me an hour to get to school by bike.
★too+adj./adv. to do sth. 太…..而不能
例: He was too angry to say a word.
★It’s one’s turn to do sth. 轮到某人做某事
例句:It your turn to clean the blackboard.
★It’s time(for sb.) to do sth.是某人做某事时候了
例句:It’s time for me to go home.
★It’s +adj. for sb. to do sth. 对于某人来说做某事是……
例句: It is easy for me to learn it well.It is very kind/foolish/nice of you to do so.
★find/think/feel it +adj. to do sth.发现/认为/感到做某事是…
例: I find/think/feel it hard to learn English well.
★序数词+to do 第…..个做某事例句:Who is the first to get there?
★我不知/忘记了怎么办。I didn't know/forgot what to do.
例句:Don’t forget/Remember to turn off the lights when you left the room
★be+adj+to do sth例句:I am very sorry to hear that.
I am ready to help others.I am happy/pleased/glad to meet you.
★let sb. do sth让某人做某事★ make do sth使得某人做某事
★ hear do sth do sth听见某人做某事★see do sth do sth看见某人做了某事
★why not 或why don’t you +动词原形?为什么不….?(表示建议)
例:Why not/Why don’t you take a walk?
★某人+had better( not)do 某人最好(不)做某事
★情态动词can/may /must /should+ 动词原形(包括情态动词的否定形式+动词原形)
★助动词do/does/did/will/would在构成疑问句或者构成否定句即don’t /doesn’t /didn’t /will not /would not+ 动词原形
★be going to + 动词原形(表示“即将”“打算” 做某事)

  1.在进行时态中。如:1.He is watching TV in the room.
2.They were dancing at nine o'clock last night.
  2.在there be结构中。如:There is a boy swimming in the river.
  3.在have fun/problems结构中。如:We have fun learning English this term.
   They had problems getting to the top of the mountain.
  4.在介词后面。如:Thanks for helping me.Are you good at playing basketball?
What /How about doing sth? 做某事怎么样?I am interested in playing football.
1.practice doing sth 练习做某事;
2.spend +time/money+ doing sth 花费时间/金钱做某事;
3.see / find /hear/watch sb doing发现/看到/听到/看到某人正在做某事
4.mind doing sth 介意做某事;
5.be busy doing sth 忙于做某事;
6.like doing sth 喜欢做某事;
7.enjoy doing sth喜欢做某事;
8.finish doing sth;完成做某事;
9.feel like doing sth 想要做某事;
10.stop doing sth 停止做某事(原来的事)
11.forget doing sth 忘记做过某事;
12.go on doing sth 继续做某事(原来的事);
13.remember doing sth 记得做过某事;
14.try doing sth 试图做某事;
15.need doing sth 需要做某事;
16.miss doing sth 错过做某事;
17.can't help doing sth禁不住做某事;
18.waste time/money doing浪费时间/金钱做…;
19.keep sb. doing让…始终/一直做…
20.stop sb.(from)doing阻止某人做某事
21.prefer doing B to doing B=like A better than A喜欢做A更喜欢做B
22.“do some +doing”短语
如:do some shopping/do some washing/do some reading/do some practicing/do some cleaning/do some speaking
23.“go doing”短语去做某事(主要指文娱活动等)
如:go shopping/go fishing/go swimming/go hiking/go skating/go camping/go skiing(滑雪/go boating /go hunting (打猎)

1.look at…看…, look like … 看上去像……, look after …照料…
2.listen to…听……
3.welcome to…欢迎到……
4.say hello to …向……问好
5.speak to…对……说话
1.put on 穿上 2.take off脱下 3.write down记下
1.come on赶快 2.get up起床 3.go home回家
4.come in进来 5.sit down坐下 6.stand up起立
1.close the door 2.1ook the same 3.go to work/class
4.be ill 5.have a look/seat 6.have supper
7.1ook young 8.go shopping 9.watch TV/games
10. play games
2.in + Row/ Team/ Class/ Grade等,表示“在……排/队/班级/年级”等。
3.in the morning/ afternoon/ evening/ 表示“在上午/下午/傍晚”等一段时间。
4.in the desk/ pencil-box/bedroom 等表示“在书桌/铅笔盒/卧室里”。
5.in the tree表示“在树上 (非树本身所有)”;on the tree表示“在树上(为树本身所有)”。
6.in the wall表示“在墙上(凹陷进去)”;on the wall表示“在墙上(指墙的表面)”。
7.at work(在工作)/at school(上学)/at home(在家)应注意此类短语中无the。
8.at + 时刻表示钟点。
9.like this/that表示方式,意为“像……这/那样”。
11.behind/ beside/ near/ under+ 名词等,表示方位、处所。
另外,以下这些短语也必须掌握。如:on duty, after breakfast, at night, at the door, in the middle, in the sky, on one’s bike等。
1.I think…意为“我认为……”,是对某人或某事的看法或态度的一种句型。其否定式常用I don’t think…,
2.give sth. to sb./ give sb. sth. 意为“把……给……”,动词give之后可接双宾语,可用这两种句型;若指物的宾语是人称代词时,则只能用give it/ them to sb.
3.take sb./ sth. to…意为“把……(送)带到……”,后常接地点,也可接人。
4.One…, the other…/One is…and one is…意为“一个是……;另一个是……”,必须是两者中。
5.Let sb. do sth. 意为“让某人做某事”,人后应用不带to的动词不定式,其否定式为Don’t let sb,do sth.,或Let sb. not do sth. 另外,Let’s 与Let us的含义不完全相同,前者包括听者在内,后者不包括听者在内,
6.help sb. (to) do sth./help sb. with sth.意为“帮助某人做某事”,前者用不定式作宾补,后者用介词短语作宾补,二者可以互换.
7.What about…?/How about…?意为“……怎么样?”是用来询问或征求对方的观点、意见、看法等。about为介词,其后须接名词、代词或V-ing等形式。
8.It’s time to do…/ It’s time for sth. 意为“该做……的时间了”,其中to后须接原形动词,for后可接名词或V-ing形式。
9.like to do sth./like doing sth.意为“喜欢做某事”, 前一种句型侧重具体的一次性的动作;后一种句型侧重习惯性的动作,
10.ask sb.(not) to do sth. 意为“让某人(不要)做某事”,其中ask sb.后应接动词不定式,
11.show sb. sth. / show sth. to do. 意为“把某物给某人看”,该句型的用法同前面第2点。
12.introduce sb. to sb. 意为“把某人介绍给另一人”;introduce to sb.则是“向某人作介绍”。
1.kinds of 各种各样的
2. either…or…或者……或者……,不是……就是……
3. neither…nor…既不……也不……
4. Chinese tea without, anything in it 中国清茶
5. take a seat 就坐
6. home cooking 家常做法
7. be famous for 因……而著名
8. on ones way to在……途中
9. be sick/ill in hospital生病住院
10. at the end of在……的尽头,在……的末尾
11. wait for 等待
12. in time 及时
13. make one’s way to…往……(艰难地)走去
14. just then 正在那时
15. first of all 首先,第一
16. go wrong 走错路
17. be/get lost 迷路
18. make a noise 吵闹,喧哗
19. get on 上车
20. get off 下车
21. stand in line 站队
22. waiting room 候诊室,候车室
23. at the head of……在……的前头
24. laugh at 嘲笑
25. throw about 乱丢,抛散
26. in fact 实际上
27. at midnight 在半夜
28. have a good time=enjoy oneself玩得愉快
29. quarrel with sb. 和某人吵架
30. take one’s temperature 给某人体温
31. have/get a pain in…某处疼痛
32. have a headache 头痛
33. as soon as… 一……就……
34. feel like doing sth. 想要干某事
35. stop…from doing sth. 阻止……干某事
36. fall asleep 入睡
37. again and again再三地,反复地
38. wake up 醒来,叫醒
39. instead of 代替
40. look over 检查
41. take exercise运动
42. had better(not) do sth. 最好(不要)干某事
43. at the weekend 在周末
44. on time 按时
45. out of从……向外
46. all by oneself 独立,单独
47. lots of=a lot of 许多
48. no longer/more=not…any longer/more 不再
49. get back 回来,取回
50. sooner or later迟早
51. run away 逃跑
52. eat up 吃光,吃完
53. run after 追赶
54. take sth. with sb. 某人随身带着某物
55. take(good) care of…=look after…(well) (好好)照顾,照料
56. think of 考虑到,想起
57. keep a diary 坚持写日记
58. leave one by oneself 把某人单独留下
59. harder and harder 越来越厉害
60. turn on打开(电灯、收音机、煤气等)
61. turn off 关
1.So + be/助动词/情牵动词/主语.
前面陈述的肯定情况也适于另一人(物)时,常用到这种倒装结构,表示“另一人(物)也如此。”前面陈述的否定情况也适于另一人(物)时,常用“Neither/ Nor + be/助动词/情态动词+主语.”这种倒装结构。
2.Turn right/left at the first/second/…crossing.
这一指路的句型意为“在第一/二/……个十字路口向右/左拐。”相当于Take the first /second/…turning on theright/left.
3.It takes sb.some time to do sth.
4.…think/find + it + adj. + to do sth.
5.What’s wrong with…?
此句型相当于What’s the matter/ trouble with…?后跟某物作宾语时,意为“某物出什么毛病了?”后跟某人作宾语时,意为“某人怎么了?”
在so…that…复合句中,that后的句子是肯定句时,常与简单句…enough to…进行句型转换.
7.Sorry to hear that.
全句应为I’m sorry to hear that. 意为“听到此事我很难过(遗憾)。”常用于对别人的不幸表示同情、遗憾之意。
1. She used to be a Chinese teacher. 她过去是一位汉语老师。
[用法] used to + 动词原形,表示过去经常性的动作或存在的状态,含有现在不再如此之意。
[搭配] used to do的否定式可以是usedn’t to do或didn’t use to do.
[比较] used to do sth. 过去常做某事;be/ get used to doing sth. 习惯于做某事;be used to do sth. 被用来做某事。
2.…return it sooner or later.
[用法] l)sooner or later意为“迟早”、“早晚”。
2)return此处用作及物动词,意为“归还”,相当于give back.
[拓展]return还可用作不及物动词,意为“返回”,相当于go back或come back。
3.No matter what the weather is like…无论天气……
[用法]no matter what 相当于whatever,其意为“无论什么”,引导状语从句。
[拓展]类似no matter what的表达方式还有:
no matter when无论什么时候
nbsp; nbsp;nbsp;no matter where无论什么地方
no matter who无论谁
no matter how 无论怎么样
4. A young man practised speaking English with Mr. Green.
[用法]practise doing sth. 表示“实践、练习(做)某事”。
[拓展]practice名词,“实践”、“实施”、“练习”;put a plan into practice实行某计划。
5. He encouraged everyone to take part in protecting our lakes, rivers, seas and oceans.
2)take part in“参加”,常表示参加活动。
3)protect 是动词,表示“防御”、“保护”。
[搭配]1)encourage sb. in sth.在某事上鼓励或支持某人
nbsp;encourage sb. to do sth.鼓励某人干某事
2)protect sh. from sth.使某人不受某事侵袭或伤害
6. …to warn people about sharks in the water. ……警告人们当心水里的鲨鱼。
[用法] warn用作动词,意思是“警告”、“警戒”。
[搭配]1)warn sb.+ that从句
2)warn sb. of sth. 警告某人某事
3)warn sb. to do sth.告诫某人做某事
4)warn sb. against(doing) sth.告诫某人当心某事/不要做某事
重点句型、词组大盘点 1. She used to be a Chinese teacher. 她过去是一位汉语老师。 [ 用法 ] used to + 动词原形,表示过去经常性的动作或存在的状态,含有现在不再如此之意。 [ 搭配 ] used to do的否定式可以是usedn’t to do或didn’t use to do. [ 比较 ] used to do sth. 过去常做某事;be/ get used to doing sth. 习惯于做某事;be used to do sth. 被用来做某事。 ……
1.It’s time for sth. 该到做某事的时间了.
It’s time to do sth.(It’s time for sb. to do sth) 该到(某人)做某事的时间了.
2. can’t wait to do sth. 迫不及待地要求做某事.
3. ask (tell)sb. (not )to do sth . 请(告诉)某人(不)做某事.
4. make/let sb. to do sth. 让某人做某事.
5. hear/see/sb. do sth 听见/看见某人做某事.
6. had better(not )do sth 最好不做某事.
7. It’s better to do sth最好做某事
8. It’s best to do sth最好做某事
9. enjoy 喜欢做某事
10. finish 结束做某事
11. keep 继续做某事
12. keep on doing sth. 继续做某事
13. carry on 继续做某事
14. go on 继续做某事
15. feel like 喜欢做某事
16. stop to do sth 与stop doing sth 停下来去做某事(与)停止做某事.
17. forget/remember to do 与 forget/remember doing sth.忘记/记得去做某事(与) 忘记/记得曾经做过事.
18. keep(precent,stop)sb. from doing sth阻止/防止/阻栏栽人做某事
19. prefer….to ……喜欢…..胜过……
20. prefer to do sth. rather than do ath.宁愿做某事,而不原做某事.
21. used to do sth.过去常常做某事.
22. What’s wong with……? …..出了问题(事)?
23. have nothing to do with….. 与…..无关
24. be busy doing sth . 在忙于做某事
25. too…..to….. 太……以致知于不……
26. so ……that ….. 如此….. 以致知于不……
27. such…..that…… 如此….. 以致知于不……
28. It take sb. some time to do sth .某人做某事用了一些时间.
29. spend …..on sth.(doing sth.)花钱/时间做某事.
30. pay…..for sth.花费(钱)买某物.
31. What /how about……? …….怎么样(好吗)?
32. would like to do sth .想要/愿意做某事..
33. I don’t think that我认为……不…..
34. Why not do sth.? Why don’t you do sth .?为什么不做某事呢?
35. What do you mean by….?你….是什么意思?
36. What do you think of …..(How do you like ….)你认为….怎么样?
37. Mike enjoys collecting stamps . So do I.迈克喜欢集邮.我也也喜欢.
38. The more, the better . 越多越剧好.
39. Thanks for doing sth.谢谢你做了某事.
40. It is said that….. 据说……
3.1 (see 、hear 、notice 、find 、feel 、listen to 、 look at (感官动词)+ do
eg :I like watching monkeys jump
2 (比较级 and 比较级) 表示越来越怎么样
3 a piece of cake =easy 小菜一碟(容易)
4 agree with sb 赞成某人
5 all kinds of 各种各样 a kind of 一样
6 all over the world = the whole world 整个 世界
7 along with 同……一道,伴随……
eg : I will go along with you 我将和你一起去
the students planted trees along with their teachers 学生同老师们一起种树
8 As soon as 一怎么样就怎么样
9 as you can see 你是知道的
10 ask for ……求助 向…要…(直接接想要的东西) eg : ask you for my book
11 ask sb for sth 向某人什么
12 ask sb to do sth 询问某人某事 ask sb not to do 叫某人不要做某事
13 at the age of 在……岁时 eg:I am sixteen I am at the age of sixteen
14 at the beginning of …… ……的起初;……的开始
15 at the end of +地点/+时间 最后;尽头;末尾 eg : At the end of the day
16 at this time of year 在每年的这个时候
17 be /feel confident of sth /that clause +从句 感觉/对什么有信心,自信
eg : I am / feel confident of my spoken English I feel that I can pass the test
18 be + doing 表:1 现在进行时 2 将来时
19 be able to (+ v 原) = can (+ v 原) 能够…… eg : She is able to sing She can sing
20 be able to do sth 能够干什么 eg :she is able to sing
21 be afraid to do (of sth 恐惧,害怕…… eg : I'm afraed to go out at night I'm afraid of dog
22 be allowed to do 被允许做什么
eg: I'm allowed to watch TV 我被允许看电视 I should be allowed to watch TV 我应该被允许看电视
23 be angry with sb 生某人的气 eg : Don't be angry with me
24 be angry with(at) sb for doing sth 为什么而生某人的气
25 be as…原级…as 和什么一样 eg : She is as tall as me 她和我一样高
26 be ashamed to
27 be away from 远离
28 be away from 从……离开
29 be bad for 对什么有害 eg : Reading books in the sun is bad for your eyes 在太阳下看书对你的眼睛不好
30 be born 出生于
31 be busy doing sth 忙于做什么事 be busy with sth 忙于……
32 be careful 当心;小心
33 be different from…… 和什么不一样
34 be famous for 以……著名
35 be friendly to sb 对某人友好
36 be from = come from 来自
eg :He is from Bejing He comes from Bejing Is he from Bejing ? Does he come from Bejing ?
37 be full of 装满……的 be filled with 充满 eg: the glass is full of water the glass is filled with water
38 be glad+to+do/从句
39 be going to + v(原) 将来时
40 be good at(+doing) = do well in 在某方面善长, 善于……
41 be good for 对什么有好处 eg : Reading aloud is good for your English
42 be happy to do 很高兴做某事
43 be helpful to sb 对某人有好处
eg : Reading aloud is helpful to you 大声朗读对你有好处
Exercising is helpful to your bady 锻炼对你的身体有好处
44 be in good health 身体健康
45 be in trouble 处于困难中 eg : She is in trouble They are in tronble
46 be interested in 对某方面感兴趣
47 be late for = come late to 迟到 eg: Be late for class 上课迟到
48 be like 像…… eg : I'm like my mother
49 be mad at 生某人的气
50 be made from 由……制成(制成以后看不见原材料)
51 be made of 由……制成(制成以后还看得见原材料)
52 be not sure 表不确定
53 be on a visit to 参观
54 be popular with sb 受某人欢迎
55 be quiet 安静
56 be short for 表**的缩写 eg: 陶 is short for 陶俊杰
57 be sick in bed 生病在床
58 be sorry to do sth be sorry for sb eg : I am sorry for you
59 be sorry to hear that
60 be sorry to trouble sb eg : I am sorry to trouble you
61 be strict in doing sth 严于做某事 eg : He's strict in obeying noles
62 be strict with sb 对某人要求严格 eg: Some students are not strict with them selves 这些学生对自己不严格
63 be strict with sb in sth 某方面对某人严格
64 be supposed to do 被要求干什么
65 be sure 表确定
66 be sure of doing sth 对做某事有信心 eg: He is sure of winning I am sure of learning English well
67 be sure of sth 对做某事有信心 eg: I'm sure of my head (my teacher 我相信我的大脑(老师)
68 be sure that sth 对做某事有信心 eg: I'm suer that he can pass the test 我相信他能通过考试
69 be sure to do sth 一定会做某事
eg: We are sure to pass the test 我们一定会通过这次考试 We are sure to learn English well 我们一定能学好英语
70 be terrified of + 名/动doing 害怕……
71 be terrified to do sth 害怕做某事
72 be the same as … 和什么一样
73 be used to doing sth 习惯做某事
eg: My father is used to getting up early 我爸爸习惯早起 He is used to sleeping in class 他习惯上课睡觉
He is used to working hard He is used to hard work 他习惯努力工作
74 be worth doing 值得做什么
75 be(feel) afraid to do sth 害怕做某事 be afraid of sth 害怕某物 be afraid that 丛句
76 because+句子 because of +短语
eg : He was late because he had a headache He was late because of his headache
77 begin to do = start to do 开始做某事 start…with…=begin…with… 以什么开始什么
eg : Let's begin the game with the song I begin to go home
78 between…and… 两者之间
79 borrow sth from sb 向……借…… lend sth to sb ( lend sb sth 借给……什么东西
eg : I borrowed a pen from him he lent a pen to me ( he lent me a pen
80 both = the same(as) = not different(from) 表相同
81 bother 打扰 bother sb to do sth
eg : I'm sorry to bother you ,but can you tell me to way to the station
the problem has been bothering me for weeks 这个问题困扰了我几个周了
He's bothering me to lend him money
82 by the end of 到……为止
83 call sb sth eg : We call him old wang
84 care 关心 eg : Don't you care about this country's future ?你为什么不关心国家的未来
85 catch up with sb 赶上某人
86 chat with sb 和某人闲谈 take sb to + 地点 带某人去某地
87 come in 进来
88 come over to 过来
89 come up with 提出 eg: Can you come up with a good idea 你能想出一个好办法吗?
90 communicate with sb 和某人交流
91 consider + doing 考虑做什么 eg : Why not consider going to lu zhou 为什么不考虑去泸州?
92 dance to 随着……跳舞 eg : She likes dancing to the music 她喜欢随着音乐跳舞
93 decide to do sth 决定做某事
94 do a survey of 做某方面的调查
95 do better in 在……方面做得更好
96 do wrong 做错
97 Don't forget to do sth 不要忘了做某事
98 Don't mind +doing /从句 /名词 不要介意……
99 each +名(单)每一个…… eg : Each student has many books 每一个学生都有一些书
100 end up +doing
101 enjoy +doing 喜欢
102 escape from 从……逃跑
eg: The prisoners have escaped from the prison 犯人从监狱里逃跑出来
Some gas is escaping from the pipe 有一些气体从管子里冒出
103 expect to do sth 期待做某事
104 fall down 摔下来 fall off 从哪摔下来
105 fall in love with sb /sth 爱上什么
106 far from 离某地远 eg : The school is far from my home
107 find +it +adj +to do 发现做某事怎么样
108 find sb/sth +adj 发现什么怎么样? eg : I find the book interesting
109 finish 完成+doing(名词)
110 fit to sb = be fit for sb 适合某人
111 forget to do 没有做而忘了 forget doing 做了而又忘了 eg: Don't forget to go home I forget closing door
112 from…to… 从某某到某某 eg: From me for her
113 get /have sth down 做完,被(别人)做……
eg: I have my hair cut 我理了发(头发被剪了)
Tom got his bad tooth pulled out 汤母把他的坏牙拔掉了(被牙医拔掉了)
114 get a part-time job = find a part-time job
115 get along well with sb = get on well with sb 与某人相处得好
116 get along with sb = get on with sb 与某人相处
117 get ready for = be ready for 为什么而准备 eg : I get ready for math I am ready for math
118 get sb in to trouble 给某人麻烦
119 get sb to do sth
120 get…from… 从某处得到某物
121 give a talk 做报告 eg: He is give a tall
122 give sth to sb give sb sth 给某人某物
123 go fish 钓鱼 go swimming 游泳
124 go on to do 去做下一件事 go on doing 继续做这件事
125 go out away from go out of
126 go to school 上学(用于专业的) go to the school 去学校(不一定是上学)
127 good way to 好方法
128 hate to do 讨厌没做过的事 hate doing 讨厌做过的事
129 have a party for sb 举办谁的晚会
130 have a talk 听报告 谈一谈
131 have been doing 现在完成进行时 eg : You have been talking You have been sleeping since
132 have been to …( 地方)……去过某过地方 have gone to …(地方) 去了某地还没回来
133 have fun +doing 玩得高兴
134 have sth to do 有什么事要做
eg: I have a lot of homework to do 我有很多家庭作业要做
I have nothing to do 我没什么事情做
135 have to do sth 必须做某事
136 have trouble (problem) (in) doing sth 做什么事情有麻烦
137 have…time +doing
138 have…(时间)…off 放……假 eg: I have month off 我请一个月得假
139 hear sb +do/doing 听见某人做某事/正在做某事
140 help a lot 很大用处
141 help sb with sth one's sth 帮助某人某事(某方面) help sb (to) do sth 帮助某人做某事
142 hope to do sth 希望做某事
143 How about(+doing) = What about(+doing)
144 how do you like = what do you think of 你对什么的看法
145 if : 是否=wether
eg: I don't know if (wether) I should go to the party 我不知道我是否应该去参加晚会
He don't know if (wether) we will arrive on time tomorrow morning 他不知道我们明天早上是否能准时到达
146 if :如果?!-- 24en.com 中国英语学习网,中国英语第一门户 24en.com -->
eg: I'll go to LuZhou if it does't rain 假如明天不下雨,我就去泸州
If they change the plan they will let me know 假如他们要改变计划,他们会让我知道的
I'll go to England ,if I have enough money next year 如果我明年由足够的钱,我就要去英国
147 in one's opinion = sb think 某人认为
148 in some ways 在某些方面
149 in the end = finally(adv) 最后
150 in the north of… 什么在什么的北方 (north 北 sowth 南 west 西 east 东 )
151 in the sun 在太阳下
152 increase 增加
eg : They've increased the prece of petrol by 3% 他们把石油价增加了3%
the population has increased from 12 million ten years ago to 18 million now
153 instead of +(名 ) 代替
eg: I'd like an apple instead of a pear 我想要苹果,而不要梨子
I like English instead of math 我喜欢英语而不喜欢数学
154 introduce sb to sb 介绍某人给某人 introduce oneself 自我介绍
155 invite sb to do sth 邀请某人做某事
156 It takes sb sometime to do sth 做某人花掉某人多少时间
eg : It took me 5 minutes to do my homework It takes me half an hour to cook
157 It's +adj +for sb to do sth 对某人来说做某事怎么样
158 It's +adj +to do 做某事怎么样
159 It's +adj for sb 对于某人来说怎么样 It's +adj of sb 对某人来说太怎么样
160 It's +adj(for sb) to do(对某人来说) 做某事怎么样 It's +adj of sb to do sth 对某人来说做某事太怎么样
eg : It's nice of you to help me with my English
161 It's a good idea for sb to do sth 对…… 来说是个好主意
162 It's important to sb 对某人来说很重要 eg: It's important to me
163 It's time to do sth It's time for sth 到了该去做某事的时间
eg : It's time to have class It's time for class 该去上课了
164 join = take part in 参加
165 just now 刚才
166 keep +sb /sth +adj /介词短语 让什么保持什么样?
167 keep out 不让 …… 进入
168 keep sb adj 让……保持…… eg: I want to keep my mother happy keep healthy 保持健康
169 key to +名词 表示:某物的钥匙或某题的答案
170 key to… anser to … key 可以是答题或钥匙
171 laugh at… 取笑…… eg : Don't langh at others We langhed at the joke
172 learn by oneslfe 自学
173 learn from sb 向某人学习 eg: We should learn from Lei Feng
174 learn to do sth 学做某事
175 let sb do sth 让某人做某事
176 Let sb down 让某人失望 eg : We shouldn't let our farents down 我们不应该让我们的父母失望
177 live from :离某地远
178 live in +大地方 /at +小地方 居住在某地 eg: I live in LuZhou She lives at XuanTan
179 look after = take care of 照顾 照看
180 lose one's way 谁 迷 路 eg : Lose your way 你迷路
181 make a decision to do sth 决定做某事
182 make friends with sb 和谁成为朋友 eg : I want to make friends with you
183 make it early 把时间定的早一点
184 make on exhibition of oneself 让某人出洋相
185 make sb /n +n 使什么成为什么 eg : I made her my step moller I made you my wife
186 make sb /sth +adj 使某人(某物)怎么样 eg : You must made your bed clean
187 make sb /sth adj 使某人/某物怎么样
188 make sb do sth 让某人做某事 eg : I made him write
189 make up be made up of (被动语态)由……组成
190 make…difference to…
191 mind sb to do mind one's doing 介意……做什么
192 most +名 most of +代
193 much too +形容词
194 must be 一定
195 need +名词
196 need sb do sth 需要某人做某事
197 need to do (实义动词) need do (情态动词)
198 no /neithr of hate to do no /neithr of hate doing
199 no +名词
200 not anymore = no more 再也不…… eg: He didn't cry any more He cried no more 他再也不哭
201 not… (形 、副)at all eg: He's not tall at all she doesn't junp far at all
202 not…at all 一点都不
203 not…either 表否定,也不 eg : I don't japanse either I don't have sister, either 我也没有姐姐
204 not…until 直到……才……
eg: I didn't sleep until my mother came back The child didn't stop crying until I give her sugar
205 offer / provide sb with sth 给某人提供
206 offer sb sth ( offer sth to sb 提供什么东西给某人 eg : I offer you water (I offer water to you 我给你提供水
207 on one's way to… 在谁去那的路上
208 on the one hand 一方面 on the other hand 另一方面
209 on the phone = over the phone 用电话交谈
210 on time 准时 in time 及时
211 one day =some day =someday 一天,有一天
212 one of +可数名词的复数形式
213 one to another 一个到另一个
214 over and over agin 一遍又一遍的 eg : He cleaned the floor over and over agin
215 part-time job 兼职工作 fall-time job 全职工作
216 pay for… 付……钱 pay the bill 开钱 ,付钱
217 please +do
218 please help yourself
219 pleased with sb
220 pool into = pore into
221 practice +doing 练习做某事
222 prefer sth to sth 相对……更喜欢…… eg : I prefer physics to chemisty 在物理和化学中,我更喜欢物理
prefer doing to sth 更喜欢去做…不愿意去做… eg: He prefers riding a bike to diving 他更喜欢骑自行车,不开小车
prefer to do sth rather than do sth 宁愿做…也不愿
eg: My unde prefers to buy a now car rather than repaiv the used one 我叔叔更喜欢买新的车,也不去修旧车
prefer sb not to do sth 更愿意… eg: I prefer her not to come 我不喜欢她不来
223 pretend to do sth 装着去做什么 pretend that 从句
eg : The two cheats pretended to be working very hard 这两个骗子装着努力工作
He pretended that he did not know the answer 他装着不知道答案
224 rather…than 宁可……也不…… eg : I would rather be a doctor than a teacher 我愿肯当医生,也不当老师
He likes dogs rather than cats 他喜欢狗,不喜欢猫
225 regard…as 把……当作……
eg: Please give my best regards to your family 请带我向你的家人我最好的问候
I regard you as my friend 我把你当作我的朋友
He shows little regard for others 他不爱关心别人
226 remid sb about sth 提醒某人什么事 remid sb to do sth 提醒某人做某事
eg : he remids me about cooking (he remids me to cook 他提醒我做饭
227 remid sb of sth 使某人想起什么
eg : the pictures remind me of my school days 这照片使我想起了我的学校
the words that (which) the teacher talke to remind me of my mother
228 return sth to sb 还什么东西给某人
229 say to oneself 对自己说
230 say to sb 对某人说
231 sb spend somemoney on sth 花了多少钱在某事上
232 sb spend sometime with sb 花了多少时间陪谁
233 sb spend sometime(in) doing sth 花了多少时间做某事
234 sb with sb +is sb and sb +are
235 see sb do 看见某人做过某事 see sb doing 看见某人正在做某事
236 seem to do/be +adj 显得怎么样 eg : You seem to be tired You seem to be happy
237 send +sb sth 送给某人某物
238 send…to…把什么寄到哪里去?
239 shock 使……震惊 eg : Oh , It's only you ! You give me a shock 啊,是你呀!吓我一跳
240 show sb sth 向某人展示某物 eg : I show her the book.
241 show sb sth = show sth to sb 拿什么东西给某人看 eg: Show me your pen Show your pen to me
242 show sth to sb 向某人展示某物 eg : I show the book to her.
243 some…others… 一些……另一些……
244 start…with… 从……开始 begin…with… 从……开始
245 stay away from 远离……
eg : We're told to stay away from the animals whe visiting the zoo 当我们参观zoo 时,我们要远离动物
If you want to lose weight you'd better stay auay from the sweet food 徒工你想减肥,你最好远离甜食
246 stop doing 停下正在做的事
247 stop sb from doing sth 阻止某人做某事
248 stop sb(from) doing 阻止某人做某事
249 stop to do 停下正在做的事去做下一件事
250 such +名 这样 ,这种
251 suit sb 适合某人
252 surprise sb 使某人惊奇 to one's surprise 令某人惊奇
253 take classes 上课
254 take sb to 把某人带去 eg : I take you to the hospital
255 take walks = take a walk = go for a walk 散步
256 ①talk to 对谁说 eg : I talk to you ② talk with 和谁说 eg : I talk with him
③ talk of 谈到 eg : we talked of you ④ talk about 谈论关于……
257 talk with sb 和某人说话
258 teach sb sth 教某人做某事
259 tell sb do sth 告诉某人做某事
260 tell sb sth tell sb that 丛句 tell sb not to do sth tell a story
261 tell sb sth 告诉某人某事
262 tell sb to do sth 告诉某人做什么 tell sb not to do sth 告诉某人不要做什么
263 tell…from…
264 thank you for +doing
265 the same +名词(doing)+as……
266 the same…(名)…as as…(adj adv)…as 相同
267 the way to do sth = the way of doing sth 做某方面 的方法 the way to +地方 去哪的路
e g : Do you know the way to learn English Do you know the way of learning English
268 the way to…(地点) 到哪的路
269 too…to… 太怎样而不能…… adj +enough to 足够…能… so…that +丛句 太… 所以…
eg: He is too young to go to school = He is so young that he can't go to school
He is old enough to go to school = He is so old that he can go to school
270 transalte ……into…… 把什么翻译成什么 eg : Trasalte English into chinese
271 travel with sb 和某人去旅游
272 try one's best to do sth 尽某人最大的努力去做某事 eg: I will try my best to learn English well
273 try to do sth 想干什么,但没成功 try doing sth 想干什么,已经做过了
eg :He tried to climb 他想爬上去,但没成功 He tried climbing 他想爬上去
274 try…试衣服 have a try 试一下
275 turn down 开小 ←→ turn up 开大
276 turn off 关上 ←→ turn on 打开 open 拆开
277 upside down 倒着
278 visit to… 参观某个地方
279 wait for sb 等某人
280 wait for sb to do sth 等某人做什么 wait for sb 等某人 wait for sometime 等多少时间
eg : Would you please wait for me to get ready 等我准备好,好吗?
Let's wait for the rain to stop 让我们等雨停吧
281 wake sb up 把某人叫醒
282 want to do sth 想做某事
283 watch sb do sth 观看某人做某事
284 welcome to +…(地方) 欢迎到……
285 what about +n /doing eg : what about an apple
286 what if 如果……怎么办 What if +句子
eg : What if it is true ? 如果是真的怎么办?
What if aliens should come to the earth 假如外星人来到地球怎么办?
287 what they will do = what to do
288 What's the matter ? = What's the trouble ? = What's wrong ? 有什么困难?
289 while +延续性动词
290 why don't you do = why not do
291 will you please do will you please not do
292 with one's best = with the help of sb 在某人的帮助下
293 with the help of sb 在某人的帮助下 with one's help
294 work at…在某处工作
295 work with sb 和某人一起工作
296 would like sth /to do sth eg : I would like to go to LuZhou
297 would you please +do
298 yet :至今 ,用在否定句中
299 you'd better do 最好做某事 = you'd better not do 最好不要做某事
300 不定式 +v(原)
301 联系动词(taste吃起来/sound听起来/look看起来/semll闻起来)+adj
302 名词、副词、 形容词修饰 enongh 时, 形容词放在之前 , 名词 副词放在之后
303 太多 too much +不可数 too many +可数 much too 相当于 very ,修饰形容词
304 向宾语提问:Whom
305 向地点提问:Where
306 向方式提问:How
307 向价格和不可数名词提问:How much
308 向可数名词提问:How many
309 向频率提问: How often
310 向时间段提问:How long
311 向时间提问:what time/when
312 向物主代词提问:Whose
313 向职业提问:what do/does……do

本文来自:逍遥右脑记忆 http://www.jiyifa.cn/chusan/72653.html