高二英语选修6 重点句子短语

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高中英语选修6 短语、重点句子

Unit 1 Art
Ⅰ. Phrases.
1. in the abstract 抽象地,理论上
abstract sth. from sth. 从…中提取…
2. aim at sth. 瞄准
aim to do sth. 意欲,企图做某事
aim at doing sth. 力争做某事
with the aim of 带有……的目的
3. focus on=concentrate on 集中
4. a great deal (of) 大量
5. in the flesh 活着的 本人
6. take the place of sb. = replace代替,取代
take one’s place 代替,取代;入座;就位
7. break away from 脱离,摆脱,放弃
8. at the same time 同时;但是
9. would rather do sth (主语)宁愿做某事
10. as a consequence =in consequence = as a result =consequently结果
as a consequence of =in consequence of

=as a result of 由于…的原因
11. in possession of 拥有…
in the possession of sb =in one’s possession 为某人所拥有
take/ have possession of 拥有(占有)
12. consider doing 考虑做某事
consider sb./sth. to be/as
consider that-clause 认为,看待
consider it adj./n.+to do sth.
13. appeal to有吸引力,感兴趣
14.have a preference for… 对…有偏爱
15. attempt to do sth. 企图做某事
attempt at doing sth.
16. on (the) one hand…on the other hand… 一方面…另一方面…
17. scores of 许多,大量
18. every two years 每两年
every second year
every other year
19. be (well) worth n./doing(主动表被动) …值得…
1. Art is influenced by the way of life and ________of the people.艺术受人们生活方式和信仰的影响。
2. If the rules of perspective had not been discovered, no one have been able to paint such realistic pictures.(虚拟语气)如果没有发现透视法,人们就不可能画出如此逼真的画.
3. Among the painters who ___ ________from the traditional style of painting were the impressionists who lived and worked in Paris.那些脱离传统绘画风格的印象派画家们在巴黎生活工作.
4. When people first saw his paintings they were ____they were looking through a hole in the wall at a real scene.当人们第一次看到他的画时,他们确信他们是从墙上的一个孔看一个真实的场面.
5. In the Renaissance, new ideas and values _______ _____ ________ ________those that were held in the Middle Ages. 在文艺复兴时期,新的想法和价值观取代了中世纪的想法和价值观.
6. People began to more humans and less on religion. 人们的注意力更多地集中在人类本身,而对宗教的注意力减少了.
7. (一句多译)这个地方值得参观。
This place is worth visiting/a visit. This place is worthy of being visited.
This place is worthy to be visited. It is worthwhile visiting this place/ to visit this place.

III. 单词拼写
1. The word “honesty” is an a noun. 2. There will be an e of French paintings next week.
3. The prisoners a to escape, but failed. 4.They are on urgent problems at present.
5. The keys are in the p of the boss.
6. The expert p that there will be an earthquake in that area in the near future.
7. He made a (栩栩如生的)drawing of a horse. 8. You look (可笑的) in those tight jeans.
9. Was Johnson (同时代的)with Shakespeare?
10. Would you please let me know your address (固定地址)?

Unit 2 Poems
I. Phrases

1. take it easy = take things easy 放轻松,别紧张  
2. (Sb.) run out of sth.用完,耗尽(及物)   
(Sth.) run out 用完(不及物)
3. make up组成/编造/化妆/弥补/和解
be made up of = consist of …由……组成
4. in particular adv. 尤其,特别 adj.特别的
5. transform sth from … into …把…从…转换为…
6. be appropriate for/ to适于
7. exchange A for B拿A换B
exchange sth with sb与某人交换某物; in exchange for 为了交换
8. try out试验
try on试穿
9. let out 泄漏 / 发出(声音) / 释放 / 放宽(衣服)
10. hold on 继续 / 别挂断(电话)
11. (Sb. / Sth.) be likely to do sth有可能…

II. Sentences
1. There are various reasons ______ people write poetry. Some poems tell a story or describe something in a way that will give the reader a strong ______. Others try to ______ certain emotions. 人们写诗有各种各样的原因。有些诗是为了叙事,或描叙某事给读者以强烈的印象。而有些是为了传达某种感情。
2. They delight small children because they have strong _______ and rhythm and have a lot of ________. 这些童谣能使孩子们快乐,因为它们节奏感强,又押韵,而且重复多遍。
3. We ______ have won if Jack had ______ that goal.(对过去的虚拟)
4. List poems have a _______line length and repeated phases which give both a ______ and a rhythm to the poem.清单诗的长短比较灵活而且有重复的短语,这形成了这种诗的模式和节奏.
5. Haiku is a Japanese form of poetry that _____ ____ ______ _____17 syllables.俳句诗是一种日本诗, 由17个音节组成.

三. . 单词拼写(须用本单元的单词和词汇)
1.If you taste some seawater, you will find it s_________-
2.She lives in a charming c_________ in the countryside.
3.Li Shizhen’s Bencaogangmu has been t_____________ into many languages.
4.Most girls like wearing a d__________ ring.
5.The deep ________(悲伤) she felt was obvious in the expression of her face.
6.A voice came from _______(黑暗), but she couldn’t see anyone.
7.My friends were wearing two or three sweaters for extra _________(温暖).
8.If you are easy to get lost, you’d better take a ________(指南针)with you.
9.No word can c_______ my thanks to you at the moment.
10.We have learned a new sentence p_______ in this unit.
11.An _______(合适) method must be found to deal with such situation.
12.The music is written in a _______ (节奏) of three beats to a bar.
13. Don’t take it seriously, he was only ______ (开玩笑)
14.. English is a _______ (分支) of Germanic family of languages

Unit 3 Healthy Life

I. Phrases
1. due to由于;归功于
2. be/become addicted to对……有瘾
3. decide on对……做出决定
4. be/become/grow accustomed to sth./doing sth. 习惯于某事/做某事
5. feel like (doing) 想要(做)
6. in spite of 不管;不顾
7. stand for 支持;代表
8. get (sb.) into (sth.) 陷入;染上坏习惯;进入
get into the way/habit of doing sth. 学成做某事的方法/养成做某事的习惯
9. be ashamed of/that.…为……感到惭愧/羞愧
be ashamed to do sth. 羞于做某事
10.take off 开除/脱衣/起飞/取消/休假
11.quit (doing) sth. 停止做某事
12.at risk处在危险之中
take risks(a risk) 冒险
13.manage to do sth. 设法做好/设法办到某事
14.so far 到目前为止(与现在完成时连用)
15.make sure 确定;查明;弄明白
16.prevent sb. (from) doing sth. 阻止某人做某事
17.every time 每次;每当……

I. Sentences
1. I think my long and active life must ___ _____ _____ the healthy life I live.
2 As you know, if you do the same thing _____ ____ _____ _____you begin to do it_____.
3. I didn’t know it could ___terrible ____ _____ your heart and lungs or that it was more difficult for smoking couples to become ______
4 You can have HIV in your blood for a long time, but____ it damages your immune system so much that your body can no longer fight disease.
在你的血液里,HIV病毒可以长期存在,但是它最终会使你的免疫系统严重受 损,以至使你的身体不再能抵抗疾病。
5. ___ ____only when the disease has progressed to AIDS ____ a person begins to look sick.

一. 单词拼写(须用本单元的单词和词汇)
1.The accident is d_____ to your careless driving.
2.My children have become hopelessly a_________ to television.
3.She found it necessary to a__________ her child to getting up early.
4.He was a_______ of his body so he decided to go on a diet and do more exercise.
5.With exams only a week away, I am under a lot of s_____.
6.M______ health is as important as physical health.
7.Now that I am p________, I eat a good diet because I want my baby to be born healthy.
9.My father has q_____ smoking.
10.The door opened _______(自动地) as we approached.
11.Some ______ (年青人)have got into the habit of taking drugs.
12.In spite of the heavy rain, she m________ to get there on time.
Unit 4 复习资料

come about 发生,造成
at random 随意地,无规则地
subscribe to 同意,赞成,订购
quantities of大量的 (谓语动词用复数)
a large quantity of +不可数n./可数名词复数 (谓语动词用单数/复数)
tend to 趋向,易于
go up 上升,增长
go down 下降,减少
result in 导致
result from 由于
be opposed to sth 反对某事
be opposed to doing sth 反对做某事
in consequence 因此,所以
rang from to 范围从……到
even if 即使
glance at 看一下,扫视
on the whole 大体上,基本上
on the average 平均而言
on behalf of 代表一方
advocate doing 提倡,主张做
put up with 忍受,容忍
so long as / as long as 只要
be casual about 对…..漫不经心
under no circumstances 决不
make a contribution to 对….作贡献

1.It’s a rapid increase when ____ _____ other natural changes. So how has this _____ _____.
2. All scientists _____ ______ the view that the increase in the earth’s temperature is _____ _____ the burning of fossil fuels like coal, natural gas and oil to produce energy.
3. The problems begins when we add huge ______ ______ extra carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.
4. They ______ carbon dioxide from the air and _____your spirit when you look at them.
5. On the other hand, some people _____ _______ ______ this view and believe we shouldn’t worry.

1.Rainbow is a wonderful natural p______.
2.Prices have risen s_______ during the Spring Festival.
3.The man made an accurate s______ to the police.
4.My mother is o_____ to carrying out the plan.
5.Many c________ haven’t realized the danger of eating junk food.
6.How can I ________(订购) the newspaper. Xkb1.cn
7.________(大量的) of water are wasted in our daily life.
8.The matter is of great _____(影响,后果) to all of us.
9.The flood was a terrible_______(大灾难) in which many people died.
10.There is a growing _______(趋势) for people to work at home.

Unit 5 The power of nature I. Phrases

1. a volcano erupting 一次火山爆发 2. an active / a live volcano 活火山
3. compare…with / to… 把…和…进行比较 compare…to… 把……比作……
4. imagine doing sth. 设想做某事
5. take risks / a risk 冒险 at risk 处于危险之中
at the risk of doing sth冒危险 risk doing sth.冒险做某事
6. meet with sb. 碰到、遇到某人 7. excite sb./oneself 使某人/自己激动
8. protect sb. / sth. from… 保护…免遭…
9. be warned (not) to do sth. 被警告(不要)去做某事 warn sb. of danger 警告某人有危险
10. move sth. out of the way 把……搬离……
11. burn to the ground 全部焚毁
12. far more (=much more) 多得多,多很多
13. At the first sight of… 第一次看见…… 14. be fast asleep 睡得很熟
15. be about to do sth. … when 正要做某事…就在这时…
16. as bright as day 亮如白昼
17. in the distance 在远处(大范围的); at a/some distanc(有间隔的)在远处(的具体某地)
18. in the side of the mountain 在山的一边
19. have a much closer look ( at sth.) 近距离观看(某物)
20. be in a panic 陷入恐慌 get into a panic 陷入恐慌
21. make one’s way to … 前往……. 22. climb down into… 爬进……
23. be enthusiastic about… 对……怀着热情
24. be amazed at … 对……感到惊讶
25. take sb. by surprise 使某人大吃一惊
take sth. by surprise突袭
26. make an effort to do sth. 努力做某事
27. be out of work 失业
28. vary from … to … 由……到……不等
29. a great diversity of 多种多样
30. take a bath 沐浴 give birth to sb.生小孩
31. glance through 匆匆看一遍
32. be bored with sb. / sth.对某人/某物厌烦
33. cancel one’s appointment with sb. 取消和某人的约会

II. Sentences
1. Have you ever considered how weak humans a volcano , hurricane or earthquake?
2. the information , I help other scientists to predict where lava from the volcano will flow next and how fast it will flow .
3. I go back to sleep suddenly my bedroom became as bright as day .
4. Having studied volcanoes now for more than twenty years , I am still amazed at their beauty as well as their to cause great damage .
5. The height of the land varies from 700 metres above sea level to over 2,000 metres and is home to plants and animals .
6. It is said that the boy , who language and persuasion , is the father of the Manchu people .
参考答案Unit1:课文填词1. faith 2.would 3. broke away 4. convinced that 5. took the place of 6.concentrated/focused on
完成句子1. abstract 2. exhibition 3. attempted 4. concentrating 5.possession 6. predicted 7.realistic
8. ridiculous 9. contemporary 10. permanent
Unit2:Sentences: 1.why impression convey 2. rhythm repetition 3. would scored 4. flexible pattern 5. is made up of
1. salty 2. cottage 3. translated 4. diamond 5. sadness 6. darkness 7. warmth 8.cnpass 9. convey 10. pattern 11. appropriate 12. rhythm 13. teasing 14 branch
1.due 2.addicted 3.accustom 4.ashamed 5.stress 6. Mental 7.pregrant 8.perfect 9.quit 10.automatically 11.adolescents 12.managed
Unit4:课文句子1.cnpared to come about 2. subscribe to due to 3. quantities of 4. absorb refresh 5. are opposed to
填单词: 1. phenomenon 2. steadily 3. statement 4. opposed 5 customers 6. subscribe to. 7.Quantities 8. consequence 9. catastrophe 10. trend

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