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2012年高考英语选修七Module 1知识点单元总复习教案

编辑: 路逍遥 关键词: 高三 来源: 记忆方法网


2012届高考英语一轮单元总复习讲义精品荟萃外研版选修七odule 1
知识详解
① hold v. 拿,握;保持;占据;容纳;举行 n. 抓;握
(回归本P2)Which record do they both hold?
他们两个人保持了什么记录?
【归纳总结】
【例句探】
①The movie theater can holds 500 people.
这家电影院能容纳500人。
②He held on to the rope,and slipped down the cliff slowly.
他紧紧抓住绳索,慢慢向悬崖下滑去。
③(朗P936)They’ll have to surrender—they can’t hold out forever.
他们迟早得投降,不可能永远守得住。
④The 30th Summer Olympic Games will be held in London in 2012.
第30届夏季奥林匹克运动会将于2012年在伦敦举行。
【即境活用】
1.You have to be a fairly good speaker to ________ listeners’ interest for over an hour.
A.hold     B.make C.improve D.receive
解析:选A。句意:你是一个相当好的演说家,能抓住听众的兴趣达1个多小时之久。hold one’s interest是固定搭配,意为:吸引某人的兴趣。
2.—Is Peter there?
—________,please.I’ll see if I can find him for you.
A.Hold up B.Hold on
C.Hold out D.Hold off
解析:选B。句意:——是彼得吗?——请稍等,我帮你去找找看有没有这个人。本题是电话用语,hold on别挂,等会儿,等等,坚持;hold up耽搁,支撑;hold out维持,持续;hold off拖延,推迟。
②attend v. 上(学);参加;出席;照顾;护理
(回归本P2)He attended the University of North Carolina for a year before leaving to join the Chicago Bulls.
在加入芝加哥公牛队前,他在北卡罗莱纳大学学习了一年。
【归纳总结】
【例句探】
①Did you attend the meeting held in our school?
你出席在我们学校举行的会议了吗?
②(朗P97)All children between the ages of 5 and 16 must attend school.
所有5至16岁的孩子必须上学。
③(朗P97)I may be late—I have got one or two things to attend to.
我也许会迟到,我有一两事要处理。
④We must attend on the sick who have a fever.
我们必须照料那些发烧的病人。
【易混辨析】
attend,join,join in,take part in
(1)attend用表示出席或参加会议、讲座、婚礼、报告等一些较为正式的场合。
(2)join表示参加某一团体,并成为其中的一员,如入党、入团、参军等;如果后边接人,则表示参加某人的活动。
(3)join in多指参加比赛或活动,常用于口语,如果要表示“加入到他人的行列一道从事某项活动”则要用join sb.in sth.。
(4)take part in指参加会议或群众性活动,重在说明句子主语参加该项活动并在活动中发挥作用。
①How many countries took part in the last Olympic Games?
②She joined the company three months ago.
③I wish he would join in with the other children.
④How many people attend church every Sunday?
【即境活用】
3.I always have so many things to ________ when I come back to the company after a trip abroad.
A.add to     B.contribute to
C.attend to D.appeal to
解析:选C。句意为:当我从国外旅游回到公司时,总有大量的事情要去处理。A项表示增加;B项表示有助于,造成……;C项表示接待;处理,照顾;D项表示吸引,上诉。根据句意选C。
4.—How do you like the regulations of our school?
—The regulations are strict with the students and they require that students ________ at least 90 percent of the lectures.
A.will attend B.will take part in
C.should attend D.should take part in
解析:选C。require接从句时,从句应用虚拟语气,即主句用一般现在时,从句谓语用(should+)动词原形。“听”应用attend。take part in指参加某一活动、运动等。
③deserve v. 应得;值得
(回归本P3)But there is no doubt that he deserves the title “outstanding player of his generation”.
但是毫无疑问,他无愧于“一代杰出球员”这一称号。
【归纳总结】
【例句探】
①Your suggestion deserves considering.
=Your suggestion deserves to be considered.
=Your suggestion deserves consideration.
你的建议值得考虑。
②Our team deserves to win the game.
我们队该赢得这场比赛。
③Those who have a fever deserve attention.
凡是发烧的人都值得注意。
④You deserve to be happy for all the good things you do.
你做的这些好事定会给你带幸福。
【即境活用】
5.(河南省确高一期末)After all the harm she has done,she ________ whatever she gets.
A.costs      B.deserves
C.rewards D.pays
解析:选B。deserve意思是“应得”。句意:在她做了那么多不好的事情之后,她得到了应得的惩罚。其他选项不合题意。
6.Chinese scientists ________ praising because they have made great progress in their study of DNA and have gained international recognition.
A.need B.examine
C.deserve D.measure
解析:选C。句意是:中国科学家应该得到赞扬,因为他们在DNA研究领域取得了巨大进步,得到了国际上的认可。此句要用deserve表示“应该得到”。need“需要”;examine
“检查”;measure“测量;评估”。
④appoint v. 任命;委派;约定
(回归本P11)But St ary had appointed a captain who was not a typical basketball player.
但St ary任命的队长不是典型的篮球选手。
【归纳总结】
【例句探】
①I was appointed as the manager of the company last night.
昨天晚上我被任命为公司经理。
②He went there by appointment.
他按约定的时间去了那里。
③Our school appointed him to deal with A/H1N1 flu.
我们学校派他处理甲型H1N1流感问题。
④(高考标全国卷)...since I was not busy —my patient didn’t turn up at the appointed hour,I would examine his wound.
……由于我不忙,我的病人没有在指定的时间到达,我能为他检查伤口。
【即境活用】
7.She was ________ mayor of the city for what she had done for the public.
A.absorbed    B.appointed
C.appealed D.applied
解析:选B。句意为:由于她为公众所做的一切,她被任命为这个城市的市长。appoint sb.(to be). ..任命某人为……。A项意为吸收,忙于;C项意为呼吁,要求;D项意为申请;适用。因此选B。
8.r.Black is a careful and experienced engineer,so he is often ________ to finish some challenging tasks.
A.appreciated B.approached
C.appointed D.agreed
解析:选C。appreciate感激,欣赏;approach走近,接近;appoint任命,委任;agree同意。句意:布莱克先生是一位既细心又有经验的工程师,所以他经常被委任去完成一些具有挑战性的任务。
⑤draw one’s attention to 引起某人注意
(回归本P9)I like the fact that the article draws attention to...
我喜欢把人们的注意力吸引……
【归纳总结】
【例句探】
①He drew his attention to the rising unemployment.
失业率日渐升高引起了他的注意。
②(朗P98)The TV was on but Di wasn’t paying much attention to it.
电视开着,可是黛没怎么注意看。
③The statistics reported by the United Nations brought it to our attention that many people are still living in poverty.
联合国报道的这些统计数字让我们关注许多人还生活在贫困之中。
④Charlie tried to catch/get/attract our attention.
查理努力想引起我们的注意。
【即境活用】
9.As the id-autumn Festival approaches,a new kind of “tea mooncakes” is ________ consumers’ attention,especially in Beijing.
A.bringing    B.attracting
C.turning D.paying
解析:选B。根据句意可知一种新型的“茶”月饼很“吸引”消费者的注意,故选B。attract one’s attention“吸引某人的注意”。
10.The media can often help solve problems and ________ attention to situations ________ help is needed.
A.take;which B.draw;where
C.pay;that D.draw;/
解析:选B。draw attention to吸引注意。situation,case后常用where引导定语从句。pay attention to关注,注意。
⑥ take possession of 占据,占领;拥有
(回归本P11)Joe immediately took possession of the ball and ran,...
乔立刻抢球并开始跑,……
【归纳总结】
【例句探】
①We didn’t take possession of the car until a few days after the auction.
拍卖会过后几天,我们才真正拥有了那辆汽车。
②The widow is in possession of a large fortune.
那个寡妇拥有一大笔财产。
③She has valuable information in her possession.
她掌握了重要的信息。
【即境活用】
11.—How did you ________ the old valuable house?
—It used to be ________ my uncle.He left it to me in his will.
A.take possession of;in possession of
B.take the possession of;in the possession of
C.take possession of;in the possession of
D.take the possession of;in possession of
解析:选C。take possession of为固定用法,possession前没有冠词,意为“拥有”;in the possession of sb.意为“某物归某人所有”,而in possession of意为“拥有”。
句型梳理
【教材原句】 But there is no doubt that he deserves the title“outstanding player of his generation”.(P3)
但是毫无疑问,他无愧于“一代杰出球员”这一称号。
【句法分析】 (1)这是一个固定句型,doubt多作不可数名词,that引导的是同位语从句,用说明doubt的具体内容。
①There is no doubt that the fresh,strong,pure air from the moor had a great deal to do with it.
毫无疑问自荒野中的新鲜的,浓浓的而又纯洁的空气与此有很大的关系。(选自《秘密花园》)
②There is no doubt that she is an excellent teacher.
毫无疑问,她是一名优秀的教师。
(2)doubt还可以用于以下句型和短语中。
There is some doubt whether... 不确定是否……
I don’t doubt that... 我确信……
I doubt whether/if 我不确定是否……
beyond/out of doubt 毫无疑问地;确定地
in doubt 可怀疑,不确定
without (a) doubt/no doubt 无疑地,必定地
③There is some doubt whether he is the best man for the job.
他是不是担任那项工作的最佳人选,有点疑问。
④(朗P561)I have little doubt that the coup will succeed.
这次突然行动将取得成功,对此我毫不怀疑。
⑤I don’t doubt that Chinese diet is the healthiest in the world.
我相信中国的饮食是世界上最健康的饮食。
⑥You can complain,but I doubt if/whether it’ll make any difference.
你可以抱怨,但我怀疑这是否管用。
【即境活用】
12.There is some doubt ________ she will be able to repay the money on time.
A.that    B.which
C.whether D.why
解析:选C。句意为“不确定她是否能按时还上钱。”
13.Some researchers believe that there is no doubt ________ a cure for AIDS will be found.
A.which B.that
C.what D.whether
解析:选B。句意是:有些研究家相信,艾滋病的治疗方法一定会找到。that引导同位语从句,修饰doubt,表示doubt的内容。


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