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2012年高考英语知识点必修二Module 3单元总复习教案

编辑: 高中学习网 关键词: 高三 来源: 逍遥右脑记忆


知识详解
① lose  vt. 丢失;错过;迷路;输掉;使沉溺于;专心致志于
(回归课本P22)
【归纳总结】
①He lost his wallet yesterday when he was in a crowded bus.
昨天他在拥挤的公交车上丢失了钱包。
②You can get lost easily in these alleys!
在这些小巷里你很容易迷路!
③He was lost in his books and did not notice my coming.
他专注于他的书本,没注意到我进来。
【例句探源】
④ Lost in thought, he almost ran into the car in front of him.
陷于沉思,他差点撞上前面的车。
⑤The company suffered a heavy loss as a result of the accident.
由于那次事故,该公司蒙受了重大损失。
⑥He was at a loss on hearing the sudden news.
听到那突然的消息后,他慌得不知所措。
lost,missing,gone
三者都有“失去”之意,但又略有不同:
(1)lost失去的,指无法再找到的,另外还有“迷路的,困惑的”等含义,可作定语、表语。
(2)missing丢失的,指暂时不在或找不到的,另外还有“被损毁的,缺少的,失踪的”,可作定语、表语。
(3)gone失去的,强调时间、情况等一去不复返,只可作表语。
【易混辨析】
①The days are gone when you could leave your door unlocked at night.
②Your cheque must have got lost in the post.
③Two files have gone missing.
1.Sometimes things________will never come back.So we should make full use of every opportunity.
A.lost        B.losing
C.to lose D.have lost
解析:选A。lost相当于missing,作后置定语。句意:有时一些东西失去了就不会再来,因此我们应该充分利用每次机会。
2.完成句子
He soon____________the excitement of the film.
影片中的精彩情节很快把他吸引住了。
答案:lost himself in
【即境活用】
② influence  vt. 影响
n.影响;势力;有影响的人/事物;有权势的人
(回归课本P26)If a band is influenced by another band,do they like them or not?
如果一个乐队受到了另一个乐队的影响,他们喜欢对方与否呢?
【归纳总结】
(1)have(an)influence on/upon对……有影响under the influence of在……的影响之下 (2)influential adj.有影响的
be influential in...对……有影响
①He greatly influenced the development of China’s culture and education.
他对中国文化和教育的发展产生了深远的影响。
②Under their influence, he becomes greatly interested in stories of travel and adventure.
在他们的影响下,他对游记和历险故事很感兴趣。
③Who or what are your musical influences?
哪些人或事对你在音乐方面产生了影响?
④He is influential in reaching the decision.
=He has a great influence on the decision.
他对做出这一决定有很大的影响。
【例句探源】
【即境活用】
3.Once one is ________alcohol,he mustn’t drive because it is quite dangerous.
A.under the influence of
B.having an influence on
C.having an effect on
D.under the effect on
解析:选A。under the influence of alcohol“酒喝得太多,有点醉”。
4.I had tried my best to stop that wrong doing,but my advice had no________on his actions.
A.impression       B.advantage
C.progress D.influence
解析:选D。后半句句意“但是我的建议对他的行动没有影响”。
③ record  vt.& vi. 录音;纪录 
n.记录;唱片;档案;履历;经历
(回归课本P27)Before he recorded his latest album,he had made some songs with Paul McCartney.
他在录制最新专辑之前,他和保罗?麦卡特尼写了一些歌曲。
【归纳总结】
【例句探源】
① The broadcast was recorded,not live.
这次广播是事先录音的,不是现场直播。
②It is recorded that this summer was the wettest for 10 years.
据记录这是十年来雨量最多的夏季。
③Make sure you record the numbers of tickets you sell.
一定要把你售出的票的号码记录下来。
④The young man set a new record at the sports meeting.
那小伙子在运动会上创了新记录。
【即境活用】
5.完成句子
(1)Shandong Province suffered from one of the worst droughts________________in .
山东省遭受了有记载以来最严重的旱灾之一。
答案:on record
(2)________________________________the numbers of your traveller’s cheques.
请将你的旅行支票的号码记下来。
答案:Please keep a record of
④ go deaf 变聋
(回归课本P27)As he grew older ,he began to go deaf.
随着年龄增长,他开始变聋了。
go是系动词,后跟形容词作表语,一般表示由好变坏,由正常状况变成特殊情况。
go blind/mad/bad变瞎/疯了/变坏,变质
go wrong/wild出毛病/变疯狂
go pale/red变得苍白/发红
go hungry挨饿
【归纳总结】
【例句探源】
①Her face went pale at the bad news.
听到那个坏消息,她的脸色变得苍白。
②He went red with anger when he heard this.
他听了这话气得脸都红了。
③With days passing on,my father’s hair is going grey.
随着时间的流逝,爸爸的头发变白了。
④Don’t let your house go too cheap.
不要把你的房子卖的太便宜。
⑤Many people are still going hungry all over the world.
世界上还有很多的人在挨饿。
6.The crowd was________wild with excitement.
A.turning        B.turned
C.going D.growing
解析:选C。go wild“变疯狂”。句意:人群激动得发狂。
7.The food has________bad.It is not fit to eat.
A.come B.gone
C.left D.run
解析:选B。句意:食物变质了,不能吃了。食物由好变坏,要用系动词go。A、C、D三项都不是系动词,不能跟形容词作表语。
【即境活用】
⑤ make a note of 记录
(回归课本P27) Making notes and reading from your notes is an important aspect of learning.
做笔记并且阅读笔记是学习重要的一个方面。
【归纳总结】
make/take notes记笔记
take a note/notes of记录;记下
take note of 注意到
compare notes对笔记;变换意见
①I’ll make a note of the books you want to borrow.
我将记下你想借的书。
②Take note of all she says and do exactly what she tells you.
注意她说的话,完全按照她告诉你的去做。
③After the performance they had a cup of coffee and compared notes.演出后,他们喝了杯咖啡并交换了意见。
④People were beginning to take note of her talents.
人们开始注意到她的才能。
【例句探源】
【即境活用】
8.Please________ a note of what I said and if you have different opinions,__________notes afterwards.
A.take;make B.compare;take
C.make;compare D.make;take
解析:选C。“记下我说的话,如果有不同观点,随后交换意见。”make/take a note of“记下”;compare notes“交流意见”。
句型梳理
① 【教材原句】 By the time he was 14 ,Mozart had composed many pieces...(P23) 
到十四岁时,莫扎特已创作了许多支曲子……
【句法分析】 by the time在此引导时间状语从句,意为“到……的时候”。遇到by the time 引导时间状语从句时,一定要注意主从句的时态。
by the time+一般过去时,主句常用过去完成时。
by the time+一般现在时,主句常用一般将来时或将来完成时。
by the end of +过去时间,谓语部分常用过去完成时。
by the end of+将来时间,谓语部分常用将来完成时。
①By the time you get this letter,I’ll be in Canada.
当你收到这封信的时候,我已经在加拿大了。
②By the end of next month,the building will have been completed.到下个月末,这栋楼将已竣工。
③By the end of last week ,we had received over 1,000 text messages.到上周末我们已收到1000多条短信。
【即境活用】
9.用所给动词的适当形式填空
(1)By the end of next Friday, we ____________(know)the result.
(2)By the time we arrived at the cinema,the film ____________(be)on for five minutes.
答案:(1)will have known/will know (2)had been
② 【教材原句】 However,it was Haydn who encouraged Beethoven to move to Vienna.(P23)
然而,正是海顿鼓励贝多芬移居维也纳的。
【句法分析】 it was Haydn who encouraged Beethoven to move to Vienna是一个强调句型。
强调句型的基本结构为“It is/was+被强调部分+that/who+其余部分”。被强调的部分通常是句子主语、宾语和状语。
(1)在强调句型中,连接词一般用that。如被强调的部分指人时,可用who(m)/that,其他一律用that,不能用which,where,when等。
①It was my father that/who did the experiment in the lab yesterday evening.(强调主语)
是我父亲昨晚在实验室里做实验的。
②It was the experiment that my father did in the lab yesterday evening.(强调宾语)我父亲昨晚在实验室里是在做实验。
③It was in the lab that my father did the experiment yesterday evening.(强调状语)我父亲昨晚是在实验室里做的实验。
(2)在强调结构中,无论被强调的是人还是物,是单数还是复数,be动词一律用is/was形式,如果原句的谓语动词是一般过去时,就用was;如果是一般现在时,就用is。也可以用“情态动词+be”形式。
④It might be yesterday that John bought a book for Mary.
可能在昨天约翰给玛丽买了一本书。
(3)当强调的是主语时,其谓语动词和被强调的人和物保持人称、数的一致。如果被强调的主语是人称代词,宜用主格。
⑤It is I who am going to attend the meeting.
我将去参加会议。
(4)强调句型也有疑问句形式。一般疑问句的强调形式,只需将is/was提前,移至句首即可,即:“Is/Was it...that...?”特殊疑问句的强调形式,须将陈述句变成一般疑问句,再在句首加上疑问词,即“疑问词(被强调部分)+is/was+it+that+句子其余部分”。
⑥Was it ten years ago that his father died?
他的父亲是10年前去世的吗?
⑦When is it that you will set off?
你到底什么时候出发?
(5)not...until...结构在强调句型中的运用:until引导的时间状语从句可以用在强调句型中,其结构为“It is/was not until...that...”。
⑧It was not until last Friday that he finished reading the book.
直到上周五他才看完这本书。
(6)判断句子是否为强调句的方法:把it is(was)和that(who)去掉,再把被强调部分归位到它本来的位置,在不添加任何成分的情况下,如句子仍能成立,则为强调句。
It was seven o’clock when we reached the mountain village,(时间状语从句),因为该句去掉it was和when后,句子不成立。
10.(高考浙江卷)?I’ve read another book this week.
?Well,maybe________ is not how much you read but what you read that counts.
A.this     B.that C.there D.it
解析:选D。句意:??这星期我又看了一本书。??好呀,也许你读了多少并不重要,重要的是你读了什么。考查强调句:It is/was+被强调部分+that/who+句子剩余部分,故选D。
【即境活用】
11.It was along the Mississippi River________Mark Twain spent much of his childhood.
A.how B.which C.that D.where
解析:选C。句意:正是在密西西比河沿岸马克?吐温度过了他孩提时代的大部分时光。本题为强调句式。被强调部分为:along the Mississippi River。
作文指导
复合句
◆什么是复合句
复合句由一个主句和一个或多个从句组成,主句表达的是重要信息,从句起到补充修饰的作用。一个组织严密的复合句通常在包含大量信息的同时,还要正确地反映信息间的逻辑关系。
【佳句选粹】
①There is a rumor that he has married a widow.
【分析】 本句属于复合句,由“主句+同位语从句”构成。“he has married a widow”作为“rumor” 的同位语,由that引导构成了同位语从句。
②Let’s meet tomorrow if it is convenient for you.
【分析】 本句属于复合句,由“主句+条件状语从句”构成。“Let’s meet tomorrow”是主句,“if it is convenient for you”是由if引导的条件状语从句。
◆主要从句类型
英语中的从句有很多类型,因此除了准确判断句子之间的主从关系以外,还要熟悉和掌握各种不同类型的从句。
【佳句选粹】
①How_it_all_happened is a mystery to me.
这一切是怎样发生的对我来说是个谜。(主语)
②I wonder if_you_could_stay_for_another_day.
不知你可否再待一天。(宾语)
③The question is whether_they_have_signed_a_contract.
问题是他们签没签合同。(表语)
④The idea that_money_means_everything is unsound.
金钱万能的思想是错误的。(同位语)
1.名词性从句:它在句子中可充当主语、宾语、表语、同位语等。
2.定语从句:多由关系代词或关系副词引导。
【佳句选粹】
①Jim introduced me to a girl who_sat_next_to_him.
吉姆把我介绍给他旁边的一位姑娘。
②Then I telephoned the doctor (whom)she_had_recommended.然后我给她推荐的医生打了电话。
③There are the reasons why_we_did_it.
这些就是我们这样做的原因。
3.状语从句:用作状语的从句很多,可以表示时间、地点、原因、条件、方式、目的、结果、比较、让步等。
【佳句选粹】
①We all stood up when_he_came_in.
他进来时我们都站了起来。(时间)
②I didn’t go because_I_wasn’t_feeling_well.
我没有去是因为我身体不舒服。(原因)
③It was so dark that_we_couldn’t_see_each_other’s_faces.
天那样黑,我们看不清彼此的脸。(结果)
④Though_they_were_poor,they were still happy.
他们虽然很穷,但仍然很幸福。(让步)
⑤Just_as_the_water_is_the_most_important_of_liquids,air is the most important of gases.
正如水是液体中最重要的一种一样,空气是气体中最重要的一种。(方式)
⑥You’ll do all right,as_long_as_you_follow_his_advice.
只要你听从他的劝告,你就会干得很好。(条件)
⑦The director gave me a better offer than_he_gave_Dick.

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